River Eden (Cumbria)


The River Eden is a major river in Cumbria, which discharges into the Solway Firth. The settlements along the river include Kirby Stephen, Appleby-in-Westmorland, BoltonWetheral, Warwick Bridge, Warwick-on-Eden and Carlisle.

The River Eden is a river that flows through the Eden District of Cumbria, England, on its way to the Solway Firth.

Etymology

The river was known to the Romans as the Itouna, as recorded by the Greek geographer Claudius Ptolemaeus (Ptolemy) in the 2nd century AD. This name derives from the Celtic word ituna, meaning water, or rushing. Thus there is no relation to the biblical Garden of Eden.

Course of river

The Eden rises in Black Fell Moss, Mallerstang, on the high ground between High Seat, Yorkshire Dales and Hugh Seat. Here it forms the boundary between the counties of Cumbria and North Yorkshire. Two other great rivers arise in the same peat bogs here, within a kilometre of each other: the River Swale and River Ure.

It starts life as Red Gill Beck, then becomes Hell Gill Beck, before turning north and joining with Ais Gill Beck to become the River Eden. (Hell Gill Force, just before it meets Ais Gill Beck, is the highest waterfall along its journey to the sea).

The steep-sided dale of Mallerstang later opens out to become the Vale of Eden. The river flows through Kirkby Stephen and Appleby-in-Westmorland, and receives the water of many becks flowing off the Pennines to the east, and longer rivers from the Lakes off to the west, including the River Lyvennet, River Leith and River Eamont, which arrives via Ullswater and Penrith.

Continuing north, it passes close to the ancient stone circle known as Long Meg and Her Daughters and through the sparsely populated beef and dairy farming regions of the vale of Cumbria on the Solway Plain. After flowing through Wetheral, where it is crossed by Corby Bridge, a Grade I listed railway viaduct of 1834, it merges with the River Irthing from the east, followed by the River Petteril and River Caldew from the south, as it winds through Carlisle.

Its junction with the River Caldew in north Carlisle marks the point where Hadrian's Wall crosses the Eden, only five miles before both reach their end at the tidal flats. It enters the Solway Firth near the mouth of the River Esk after a total distance of approximately 81 miles (130 km).

Ecology

The river supports Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra). The river and its tributaries are designated a Special Area of Conservation under the European Union's Habitats Directive. The area protected by the SAC includes Ullswater.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 25/01/2019).
Visit the page: River Eden, Cumbria for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.
from Geograph (geograph)
Eden Bridge, Carlisle

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
River Eden and Corby Castle

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Warwick Bridge

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
River Eden, Wetheral

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Former Ford at Kirkby Stephen

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
Bolton Bridge, Bolton, Cumbria
  Co-Curate Page
Bolton Bridge, Bolton, Cumbria
- Overview Map Street View The red sandstone bridge over the River Eden at Bolton in Cumbria is dated 1870.
from Geograph (geograph)
Small island, River Eden

Pinned by Edmund Anon
Bolton, Cumbria
  Co-Curate Page
Bolton, Cumbria
- Overview About Bolton Map Street View Bolton is a village in Cumbria, located just over 3 miles north-west of Appleby-in-Westmorland and about 9 miles south-east of Penrith. The village includes a ...
from Geograph (geograph)
River Eden

Pinned by Edmund Anon
from Geograph (geograph)
River Eden near Crackenthorpe

Pinned by Edmund Anon
Great Musgrave
  Co-Curate Page
Great Musgrave
- Overview About Great Musgrave Map Street View   Great Musgrave is a village in the Eden district of Cumbria, England. It is about a mile west of Brough. Great Musgrave ...
Musgrave Bridge
  Co-Curate Page
Musgrave Bridge
- Overview Map Street View  
Little Musgrave
  Co-Curate Page
Little Musgrave
- Overview About Little Musgrave Map Street View   Little Musgrave is a village in the Eden district of Cumbria. Little Musgrave is a small village in the Eden district of ...
Kirkandrews on Eden
  Co-Curate Page
Kirkandrews on Eden
- Overview About Kirkandrews on Eden Map Street View   Kirkandrews-on-Eden or Kirkandrews-upon-Eden, in the past known as Kirkanders, is a village and former civil parish, now in the civil parish ...

Comments

Add a comment or share a memory.

Login to add a comment. Sign-up if you don't already have an account.

ABOUT US

Co-Curate is a project which brings together online collections, museums, universities, schools and community groups to make and re-make stories and images from North East England and Cumbria. Co-Curate is a trans-disciplinary project that will open up 'official' museum and 'un-officia'l co-created community-based collections and archives through innovative collaborative approaches using social media and open archives/data.

LATEST SHARED RESOURCES