Topics > Northumberland > Civil Parishes in Northumberland > Alwinton Civil Parish

Alwinton Civil Parish


About the Parish

Main Settlements: Alwinton (village), Barrowburn, Blindburn, Linbriggs, Makendon, Shillmoor
Population:

<100  (2011 Census)

Area: 155 km2
Parish Council: Alwinton Parish Council
Unitary Authority: Northumberland County Council

Historical

Ancient Township:

Alwinton Township (aka Allenton)

Townships became civil parishes in their own right in 1866 (see below).

Ancient Parish:

Alwinton Parish  (St. Michael)

The ancient parish covered a much larger area compared to today's civil parish. It included the townships of Allenton, Biddleston, Borrowdon, Clennell, Fairhaugh, Farnham, Linbriggs, Netherton, North and South Sides, Peals, and Sharperton - with 1,255 inhabitants in 1848.

Ancient parishes refer to the parishes before the split between ecclesiastical (church) and civil parishes in the 19th century. They had a parish church and often were composed of multiple townships and chapelries. In many cases, townships and parishes were originally based on the territory of manors from the feudal system during medieval times. Civil parishes were created following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1866, in which Church of England parishes, extra-parochial areas, townships and chapelries, became "civil parishes" which could set their own poor rate (tax). Then the reforms of Local Government Act 1894 established elected civil parish councils (or parish meetings for parishes with less than 300 residents) and created urban and rural districts. Boundaries of parishes and civil parishes may have changed over time.

Ancient District:

Coquetdale (ward)

Poor Law Union:

Rothbury Poor Law Union, formed in 1836. 

Under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 parishes were grouped into Unions, each of which had to build a workhouse if they did not already have one. It ended the old system of locally provided poor relief which had come under strain as numbers out of work grew, following increasing mechanisation of agriculture and the economic downturn after the Napoleonic Wars, along with changing social attitudes. The workhouse provided those unable to support themselves financially with accommodation and work. Inmates were generally segregated into men, women, boys and girls. 

The workhouse system was abolished by the Local Government Act 1929, but many workhouses lived on as ‘Public Assistance Institutions’ until the National Assistance Act 1948.

District Council:

Rothbury Rural District, formed in 1894. The district was abolished in 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972.

Alnwick District from 1974 to 2009. lnwick District covered the area of 4 former districts (Alnwick Urban District, Amble Urban District, Alnwick Rural District and Rothbury Rural District).

The district council was abolished when Northumberland County Council became a unitary authority on the 1st of April 2009.

County / Unitary Authority

The ancient county of Northumberland was enlarged following the Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844; Bedlingtonshire, Norhamshire, Islandshire, the Farne Islands and Monks' House all became part of Northumberland. Up to then they had been enclaves of County Durham.

Northumberland County Council formed 1889.

Major boundary changes came into effect on the 1st April 1974. This followed the Local Government Act 1972, which formed the non-metropolitan county of Northumberland. This excluded the City of Newcastle upon Tyne and North Tyneside, which up to then had been part of Northumberland, but now became part of the newly formed Tyne & Wear.

Northumberland County Council became a unitary authority on the 1st of April 2009.

See also: Historic Buildings and Monuments in Alwinton Civil Parish Note: listed buildings are generally the responsibility of the county council, rather than the parish council.

Civil Parishes in Northumberland Alwinton Makendon Blindburn Barrowburn Linbriggs Alwinton Parish, 1848 Historic Buildings and Monuments in Alwinton Civil Parish
Makendon
  Co-Curate Page
Makendon
- Overview Map Street View Makendon is a former farmstead in the Upper Coquetdale; the buildings are now used by the army, as part of the Otterburn Military Training Area. Makendon ...
Alwinton
  Co-Curate Page
Alwinton
- Overview About Alwinton Map Street View Alwinton is a village in Northumberland located in Coquet Valley, close to where the River Alwin joins the River Coquet. About half a mile ...
Blindburn
  Co-Curate Page
Blindburn
- Overview Map Street View Blindburn is a hamlet / farmstead in Northumberland, located about 15 miles north-west of Rothbury and close to the border with Scotland. The settlement is named ...
Barrowburn
  Co-Curate Page
Barrowburn
- Overview Map Street View Barrowburn (aka Barrow Burn) is a remote hamlet in Upper Coquetdale, Northumberland. It is located about 13 miles north-west of Rothbury and 3 miles south of ...
Linbriggs
  Co-Curate Page
Linbriggs
- Linbriggs is a hamlet by the River Coquest in Northumberland, located about 11 miles north-west of Rothbury and just under 2 miles west of Alwinton. There are remains of medieval ...
from http://www.keystothepast.in...
Local History: Alwinton
- "Alwinton parish is one of the largest parishes in the Cheviot Hills. It is almost entirely upland reaching from the Scottish Border at Chew Green in the west to Alwinton ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from https://northumberlandparis...
Alwinton Parish Council

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from https://www.visionofbritain...
Alwinton AP/CP

Added by
Simon Cotterill

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