River Aln


The River Aln is a river in Northumberland which rises in Alnham in the Cheviot Hills and discharges into the North Sea at Alnmouth. Historically the river has been important, especially during the Ango-Scottish wars, with defences inluding Alnwick Castle.

The major tributaries of the Aln include: Callaly Burn, Cawledge Burn, Coe Burn, Edlingham Burn, and Shipley Burn

 

Settlements:

Bridge Type / Road Place(s) Opened   Note.
 Duchess Bridge  Road & Footbridge  Alnmouth  1864  Grade II listed
 Steppey Lane Footbridge  Footbridge  Lesbury  1988  
 Old Bridge  Road (closed)   Lesbury  C15th   Grade I listed
 New Bridge  Road (A1068)  Lesbury  2004  
 Lesbury Railway Viaduct   Rail  Lesbury  1849  by Robert Stephenson, Grade II listed
 Hawkhill Bridge  Road (A1068)    1921  
 Peter's Mill Footbridge  Footbridge  Alnwick  2004  
 A1 Road Bridge  Road (A1)  Alnwick   1969   
 Denwick bridge  Road (B1340)  Denwick - Alnwick  1776  Grade I listed
 Lion Bridge  Road   Alnwick  1775   Grade I listed
 Canongate Bridge  Road  Alnwick  1821  Grade I listed
 Duchess's Footbridge  Footbridge  Hulne Park  1868  
 Monk's Bridge  Road  Hulne Park  1901  
 Filbert Haugh Bridge  Road  Hulne Park  1901  
 Hulne Park Footbridge  Footbridge  Hulne Park  2009  
 Hulne Park Iron Bridge  Footbridge  Hulne Park  1812  Grade II* listed
 East Brizlee Bridge  Footbridge  Hulne Park  1933  
 Hulne Park Wooden Footbridge  Footbridge  Hulne Park    
 Catheugh Bridge  Road (track)  Hulne Park  1827  
 Aberwick Mill Footbridge  Footbridge    c.1952  Wooden bridge
 Aberwick Ford Footbridge  Footbridge    1952  
 Bolton Mill Footbridge        
 Bolton Bridge        
 Bridge Of Aln      1840  
 Mount Hooley Bridge      1979  
 Whittingham Bridge    Whittingham  1818  
 Whittingham Village Footbridge    Whittingham  c.1955  
 Whittingham West Footbridge    Whittingham  c.1955  
 Whittingham West Bridge    Whittingham  c.1888  
 Mountain Ford Footbridge      1953  
 Lady's Bridge, Eslington Park    Eslington Park  C18th  Disused
 Eslington East Lodge Footbridge        
 Eslington Park Footbridge East        
 Eslington Park Road Bridge        
 Eslington Park Footbridge West        
 Eslington West Lodge Footbridge      1960  
 Ryle Mill Bridge        
 Little Ryle Ford Footbridge      1961  
 Alnham East Bridge    Alnham    
 Alnham Bridge    Alnham    

Sources: Bridges of the Tyne, Historic England

The River Aln runs through the county of Northumberland in England. It rises in Alnham in the Cheviot Hills and discharges into the North Sea at Alnmouth on the east coast of England.

The river gives its name to the town of Alnwick and the villages of Alnmouth and Alnham. For part of its route, directly upstream of Alnwick, the river flows through Hulne Park.

History

The Aln is first mentioned in the Geography of Ptolemy, a 2nd Century AD Roman cartographer. He refers to it as the River Alaunos or Alaunus (Geographica 2.3.4.18), on which seems to be situated the town of Alauna (Geographica 2.3.7.6). This can speculatively be identified as the Roman fort at Learchild, where the Devil's Causeway crosses the river.

The Aln is a relatively small river but has been important through history as one of the boundaries along which English and Scottish troops marching to war had to cross; for that reason, it was at times heavily defended. For example, the river flows past Learchild Roman Fort and, more significantly, Alnwick Castle which was built for this purpose.

In two battles at Alnwick the river was a significant element: the first in 1093 between Malcolm III of Scotland and Robert de Mowbray; the second in 1174 between William I of Scotland and Ranulf de Glanville.

Adtwifyrdi is the name used by the Venerable Bede to describe the meeting of river and tributary at the mouth of the River Aln.

Non-Tidal Ecology

The river has a good run of sea trout and salmon, as well as a population of resident brown trout. Public fishing is controlled by the Aln Anglers' Association. The Aln also has a resident population of otters. Grey heron, barn owls, kestrels and buzzards can be observed hunting along the banks of the river.

Tidal ecology

Part of the estuary is designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest, and the river below Lesbury footbridge (the normal tidal limit, except on high springs and in surge events) was made a marine conservation zone in 2013. large groups of lapwings, oyster catchers and curlews can often be seen. In smaller numbers are mallards, shelducks, grey herons, cormorants, greylag geese, Canada geese, swans and the occasional family of goosanders. Less often spotted are barn owls, kestrels, avocets and little egrets. Further down the tidal zone a visitor will often see Sandwich terns and common terns, as well as a variety of gulls and smaller waders including redshanks, greenshanks, turnstones, ringed plovers, pied wagtails, and other sandpipers.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 25/03/2016).
Visit the page: River Aln for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.
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Alnmouth in September I

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Alnmouth

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Alnwick Castle and River Aln

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Alnham
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Alnham
- Overview About Map Street View Alnham is a hamlet and civil parish in Northumberland, located near the source of the River Aln, about 14 miles west of Alnwick. Notably Alnham ...
Alnmouth
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Alnmouth
- Overview About Alnmouth Map Street View Alnmouth is a large village in Northumberland located near the mouth of the River Aln where it flows into the North Sea. Bronze Age ...
Alnwick
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Alnwick
- Overview History Map Street View Alnwick is a historic market town in Northumberland, located on the banks of the River Aln, 32 miles south of Berwick-upon-Tweed 34 miles north of ...
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Aln - catchment area

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Whittingham

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Whittingham
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Whittingham
- Overview About Whittingham Map Street View   Whittingham is a village and civil parish in Northumberland, England. It is situated on the banks of the River Aln, roughly 4.5 miles ...
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River Aln from Canongate Bridge

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Duchess Bridge, Alnmouth

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River Aln (lense flare) - Warkworth, Northumberland

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Alnwick castle - early morning

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Sunset along the River Aln

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Alnwick Castle
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Alnwick Castle
- Overview History Map Street View Alnwick Castle is the seat of the Duke of Northumberland, built by the River Aln in Alnwick following the Norman conquest. The castle is open ...
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Aerial photo of Alnmouth

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The River Aln at low tide, Alnmouth. Northumberland

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Alnmouth from south of the river

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river aln northumberland meander

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Alnmouth Mortuary Chapel

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The River Aln at low tide

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The Lion Bridge

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The Lion Bridge, Alnwick
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The Lion Bridge, Alnwick
- Overview Map Street View The Lion Bridge over the River Aln at Alnwick was built in 1775 by John Adam.[1] The stone bridge has 4 arches and in the centre of ...
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Ford below Abberwick Mill

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Lesbury
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Lesbury
- Overview About Lesbury Map Street View   Lesbury is a small rural village in Northumberland in the north of England. It is built on the main coastal road southeast of ...
Old Bridge, Lesbury
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Old Bridge, Lesbury
- Overview Map Street View The old stone bridge over the River Aln at Lesbury dates from the 15th century, though substantially altered in the 19th century. The bridge is Grade ...
New Bridge, Lesbury
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New Bridge, Lesbury
- Overview Map Street View The 'new' road bridge over the River Aln at Lesbury was opened in 2004 and carries the A1068. Prior to that the road was routed over ...
Railway Viaduct, Lesbury
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Railway Viaduct, Lesbury
- Overview Map Street View The viaduct just north west of Lesbury carries the railway over the River Aln in Northumberland. The viaduct has 18 arches and was built in 1848/1849 ...
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The Aln Viaduct at Lesbury

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Viaduct over the River Aln

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Duchess Bridge, Alnmouth
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Duchess Bridge, Alnmouth
- Overview Map Street View The stone bridge over the River Aln at Alnmouth, built in 1864. The bridge is Grade II listed. A cast-iron plate on the south parapet has ...
Denwick Bridge
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Denwick Bridge
- Overview Map Street View Denwick Bridge over the River Aln is located about half a mile north east of Alnwick and a similar distance south west of Denwick. The stone ...
Iron Bridge, Hulne Park
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Iron Bridge, Hulne Park
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Ford over the infant River Aln

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Monk's Bridge, Hulne Park
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Monk's Bridge, Hulne Park
- Monk's Bridge is a wooden bridge over the River Aln in Hulne Park, near Alnwick, built in 1901. The wooden rails are suppored stone abutments from an earlier bridge of c.1854.[1] 
East Brizlee Bridge, Hulne Park
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East Brizlee Bridge, Hulne Park
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Duchess's Footbridge, Hulne Park
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Duchess's Footbridge, Hulne Park
New Footbridge, Hulne Park
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New Footbridge, Hulne Park
- This footbridge over the River Aln at Hulne Park was built in 2009 and replaced an earlier bridge which was destroyed in the floods of September 2008.
Lady's Bridge, Eslington Park
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Lady's Bridge, Eslington Park
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River Aln east of Alnham

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Ford on bridleway south of Alnham

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Irish bridge, Little Ryle

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River Aln meander.

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The River Aln

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River Aln

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Meandering Aln

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Whittingham Bridge
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Whittingham Bridge
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Ryle Mill Farm

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The River Aln

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Old Packhorse Bridge

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Callaly Burn
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Callaly Burn
- Callaly Burn is a small river in Northumberland, which is a tributary of the River Aln. The burn is 7 km long, with a catchment area of 13.3 km2.[1] Callaly ...
Ryle Mill, Northumberland
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Ryle Mill, Northumberland
- Overview Map Street View Ryle Mill is a hamlet and farm by the River Aln in Northumberland, located about half a mile north-east of Little Ryle and 3 miles west ...

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