Corbridge


Corbridge is a large village by the River Tyne, located about 3 miles east of Hexham and 17 miles west of Newcastle. Corbridge was the site of a Roman town and fort, which was an important supply base located at the junction of Stanegate (the road running west to the Roman fort at Carlisle, which pre-dates the nearby Hadrian's Wall) and Dere Street (the Roman road running north from York into Scotland). The importance of Corbridge due to its location on major travel routes remained long after the Romans left, reinforced by the building of a bridge over the Tyne here in 1235 (replaced by the current Tyne Bridge in 1674). St Andrew's Church in Corbridge dates from the late 7th century and incorporates reused Roman masonry.

Roman Town St Andrew's Church Vicar's Pele Tyne Bridge Bottle Kilns
Low Hall Market Cross Railway Station Old Town Hall Corbridge Mill

Corbridge suffered due the border conflicts with Scotland and raids by the Border Reivers from around the 14th to 17th centuries. This is evident in the defensive tower of Low Hall, the Vicar's Pele by St Andrew's Church, and the nearby Aydon Castle and Dilston Castle. Corbridge grew during the 19th century, following the opening of the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway in 1838; the original Station Building is now a popular restaurant  next to the current station platform.

Could you help build the Corbridge Timeline?

Corbridge is a village in Northumberland, England, 16 miles west of Newcastle and 4 miles east of Hexham. Villages nearby include Halton, Acomb, Aydon and Sandhoe.

History

Etymology

Known to the Romans as something like Corstopitum or Coriosopitum, wooden writing tablets found at Vindolanda suggest it was probably locally called Coria (meaning a tribal centre). According to Bethany Fox, the early attestations of the English name Corbridge 'show variation between Cor- and Col-, as in the earliest two forms, Corebricg and Colebruge, and there has been extensive debate about what its etymology may be. Some relationship with the Roman name Corstopitum seems clear, however'.

Roman fort and town

Coria was the most northerly town in the Roman Empire, lying at the junction of Stanegate and Dere Street.

The first fort was established c. AD 85, although there was a slightly earlier base nearby at Beaufront Red House. By the middle of the 2nd century AD, the fort was replaced by a town with two walled military compounds, which were garrisoned until the end of the Roman occupation of the site. The best-known finds from the site include the stone Corbridge Lion and the Corbridge Hoard of armour and sundry other items. In Rudyard Kipling's Puck of Pook's Hill, the town of Hunno on the Wall, is probably based on Corstopitum.

The Roman Town is now managed by English Heritage on behalf of HM Government. The site has been largely excavated and features a large museum and shop. The fort is the top-rated attraction in Corbridge and is open daily between 10 and 6 in the summer and at weekends between 10 and 4 in the winter.

Buildings

The Church of England parish church of Saint Andrew is thought to have been consecrated in 676. Saint Wilfrid is supposed to have had the church built at the same time as Hexham Abbey. It has been altered several times since, with a Norman doorway, and a lychgate built as a First World War memorial. The Church is built largely from stone taken from Hadrian's Wall, and the entrance to the Church is through glass doors given by Rowan Atkinson (Blackadder and Mr. Bean) and etched in memory of his mother. (Information obtained during a recent visit to the town and the Church.)

There are only three fortified vicarages in the county, and one of these is in Corbridge. Built in the 14th century, the Vicar's Pele is to be found in the south-east corner of the churchyard, and has walls 1.3 metres (4 ft) in thickness. The register for St. Andrews dates from 1657. Later on in the town's history, Wesleyan, Primitive and Free Methodist chapels were all built too.

Even older than the Vicar's Pele is Corbridge Low Hall, dating from the late 13th or early 14th century with one end converted to a pele tower in the 15th century. The main block was remodelled in the 16th and 17th centuries, and the building restored c1890.

A number of fine Victorian mansions were developed on Prospect Hill to house successful industrialists and local businessmen in the late 19th century.

Border warfare

Corbridge suffered, as did many other settlements in the county, from the border warfare which was particularly prevalent between 1300 and 1700. Raids were commonplace, and it was not unusual for the livestock to be brought into the town at night and a watch placed to guard either end of the street for marauders. A bridge over the Tyne was built in the 13th century, but this original has not survived. The present bridge, an impressive stone structure with seven arches, was erected in 1674.

Governance

Corbridge is in the parliamentary constituency of Hexham.

An electoral ward of the same name exists. This ward includes Corbridge and Sandhoe. It had a total population taken at the 2011 census of 4,191.

Transport

Corbridge is bypassed to the north by the A69 road, linking it to Newcastle and Carlisle. It is also linked to Newcastle and the A1 by the A695 which passes about away on the south side of the River Tyne.

;Railway

The town is served by Corbridge railway station on the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway, also known as the Tyne Valley Line. The line was opened in 1838, and links the city of Newcastle upon Tyne in Tyne and Wear with in Cumbria. The line follows the course of the River Tyne through Northumberland.

Passenger services on the Tyne Valley Line are operated by Northern and Abellio ScotRail. The line is also heavily used for freight.

The railway station is about away on the south side of the River Tyne.

Fairs and shows

Stagshaw Bank Fair, traditionally held on 4 July, was one of the most famous of the country fairs. It included a huge sale of stock, and was proclaimed each year by the bailiff to the Duke of Northumberland. Today the Northumberland County Show, an agricultural event, is held in the fields outside Corbridge each year, a very popular rural event, drawing people from all over Northumberland as well as further afield.

Fastlane Show

The Fastlane show is a supercar show which exhibits supercars from around the world.

Corbridge Steam Fair and Vintage Rally

The Corbridge Steam Fair and Vintage Rally is held every year in June to celebrate steam engines. There are also classic cars, trucks and tractors.

Notable people

  • Ruth Ainsworth (1908–84), children's writer of the Rufty Tufty Golliwog series
  • John Blackburn (1923–93), thriller writer

Born at Corbridge

  • Alan Brown (footballer) (1914–96), professional footballer and manager
  • Steve Bruce (born 1960), English football manager

Lived at Corbridge

  • Catherine Cookson (1906–98), author
  • Alan Pardew, English football manager
Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 06/11/2016).
Visit the page: Corbridge for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.
from TWAM (flickr)
Robert Hardy

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge bridge

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
THE ROMAN FORT - CORBRIDGE

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
MARKET PLACE PANT - COREBRIDGE

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
MAIN STREET PANT-CORBRIDGE

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
THE TYNE BRIDGE AT CORBRIDGE

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
THE VICAR'S PELE TOWER CORBRIDGE

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
River at Corbridge 2

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
THE OLD MARKET CROSS - CORSTOPITUM (COREBRIDGE)

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge parish church

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
IMGP2668

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Bottle Kilns Corbridge 03

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Bottle Kilns Corbridge 04

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
iphoto - Corbridge Roman Ruins - 04

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge - Northhumberland

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge - Northhumberland

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge parish church sundial

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge - Northhumberland

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge, Northumberland, England

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge, Northumberland, England

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge, Northumberland, England

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
East Wallhouses, Corbridge - Northumberland

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
St Andrews Parish Church, Corbridge

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Townhouse names, Corbridge, Northumberland, England

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge Northumberland

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Corbridge Market Place

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Low Hall (Corbridge)

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The Vicar's Pele Tower, Corbridge

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
IMGP2664

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge Bridge

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Image taken from page 130 of 'The Local Historian's Table Book of remarkable occurrences, historical facts, traditions, legendary and descriptive ballads, connected with the Counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, and Durham. Historical Division.

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Youtube (youtube)
Drone - Corbridge 27/10/2016 - (1080p)

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Youtube (youtube)
New Big flood in Corbridge UK after storm Desmond

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Corbridge - Northhumberland

Pinned by Pat Thomson
Corbridge Cricket Club
  Co-Curate Page
Corbridge Cricket Club
- Overview Map Founded in 1886, Corbridge is one of the oldest cricket clubs in Northumberland. The cricket ground is located by the south banks of the River Tyne, about half ...
from Geograph (geograph)
Cobbled alleyway south of Front Street

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Houses at the north end of the Tyne Bridge

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Houses at the north end of Corbridge Bridge

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The Angel Inn (2)

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Front Street (2)

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Dovecot above Farnley

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Mediaeval heads in the yard at the Wheatsheaf Hotel

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Statue in the yard at the Wheatsheaf Hotel

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Stagshaw Road, NE45

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Old Prior Manor

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
(Another) old water trough, Stagshaw Road

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Victorian postbox, Stagshaw Lane / St. Helens Lane

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from http://www.keystothepast.in...
Local History - Corbridge
- "The archaeology of the Corbridge parish is dominated by two settlements: namely the Roman garrison town of Corstopitum and the later, medieval town of Corbridge, located slightly further east. As ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Mile Marker, Corbridge

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Youtube (youtube)
Corbridge floods december 6th 2015

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Rescue mission

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Watling Street, north of Hill Street

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
River Tyne in flood at Corbridge

Pinned by Simon Cotterill

Comments

Add a comment or share a memory.

Login to add a comment. Sign-up if you don't already have an account.

ABOUT US

Co-Curate is a project which brings together online collections, museums, universities, schools and community groups to make and re-make stories and images from North East England and Cumbria. Co-Curate is a trans-disciplinary project that will open up 'official' museum and 'un-officia'l co-created community-based collections and archives through innovative collaborative approaches using social media and open archives/data.

LATEST SHARED RESOURCES