Benwell


Benwell is a suburb in the West End of Newcastle. It was a separate village surrounded by fields and only became part of Newcastle in 1904. During the Roman occupation Benwell had a Roman fort (Condercum), and today you can still visit the remains of the Vallum Crossing and the Temple of Antenociticus.  The manor of Benwell was created after the Norman Conquest and its medieval name "Bynnewalle" derives from being "behind the wall" (Hadrian's Wall). Coal mining contributed to the growth of Benwell, with the sinking of Charlotte Pit of Benwell Colliery in 1766 and the later development of other pits and collieries in the area.

Benwell village was recorded in A.D. 1050 known as Bynnewalle which roughly translates as "behind the wall" or "by the wall". Referring to its position relative to Hadrian's Wall (next to which was the Roman fort of Condercum, hence the nearby Condercum Road). At this time it was part of the Barony of Bolbec.

By the 13th century the medieval manor of Benwell had been subdivided, originally into two, but then one of the halves was further subdivided. So, although people usually refer to the three sections of Benwell Manor as ‘thirds’, this gives a misleading impression, because one of the ‘thirds’ was larger and wealthier than the other two. This third belonged to the Scot family, who were wealthy merchants from Newcastle and by 1296 they were the principal taxpayers in Benwell. The Scot family later went on to create a deer park in 1367, which later became Scotswood.

In the 16th century Benwell village was arranged in two rows of houses on either side of a wide street or green. A plain oblong tower, three storeys high with battlements around the roof was also recorded as being built.

In 1540, the crown (Henry VIII), took possession of Benwell Tower from Tynemouth Priory when it dissolved the monasteries.

Early in the 17th century, Benwell was split into smaller estates which were bought by the Shafto and Riddell families who were merchant families interested in exploiting the coal reserves on the banks of the Tyne.

Benwell Colliery was opened in 1766 and operated until 1938.

The original layout of Benwell exists in the form of Benwell Village, Benwell Lane, Ferguson's Lane and Fox and Hounds Lane however no buildings still exist other than from the early 19th century. The tower from the 16th century was rebuilt in the 18th century and then all traces were removed when the present hall, Benwell Towers was built in a Tudor style by John Dobson in 1831. Benwell Towers featured in the BBC television show Byker Grove.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 25/05/2016).
Visit the page: Benwell for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.

from TWAM (youtube)
West End Stories: The Roman God of Benwell - Antenociticus

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from http://newcastlephotos.blog...
Old Benwell
- Photos of derelict buildings from the 1980s

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Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Benwell #2

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from Newcastle University (youtube)
North Benwell Youth Project, Newcastle

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
022342:Benwell Grange Benwell Lane Benwell Unknown 1973

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015424a:Benwell Tower Benwell Lane Benwell Knowles W.H.

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015425:Benwell House Benwell, Lane Benwell 1830

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050001:Benwell High Cross Benwell Unknown 1906

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048188:Benwell Library Atkinson Road Benwell Unknown 1986

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008674:The Well Benwell Lane Benwell Unknown c.1925

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068040:Benwell Dene Hodgkin Park Benwell Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1902

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
064144:Benwell Nature Park Benwell Newcastle upon Tyne Maybury Malcolm 1997

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064152:St. James Church Atkinson Road/Benwell Lane Benwell Maybury Malcolm 1997

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052054:South Benwell Primary School South Benwell Unknown 1988

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049184:Benwell Library? Atkinson Road Benwell Unknown c.1950

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008905:Benwell (High Cross) Cottages Benwell Unknown 1894

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
051952:The Fairholme Club Benwell Unknown 1929

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049308:Benwell Presbyterian Church Armstrong Road Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1982

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034800:East Cottages Benwell Dept of Environmental Health 1937

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051878:Cannon Street Benwell Unknown 1957/8

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049825:Royal Victoria School for the Blind Benwell Unknown c.1930

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008676:Hawthorn Inn Benwell Unknown c. 1925

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068338:Atkinson Road Infants School Atkinson Road Benwell Unknown 1953

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064154:Adelaide Centre Adelaide Terrace Benwell Maybury Malcolm 1997

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051266:Hodgkin Park Benwell Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1957-8

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049836:Royal Victoria School for the Blind Benwell Unknown c.1905

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
051240:Hodgkin Park Benwell Newcastle upon Tyne Northern Gossip 1899

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  from Simon Cotterill (Co-Curate Page)
West End
  from Simon Cotterill (Co-Curate Page)
Benwell Temple of Antenociticus
- Overview About Antenociticus Map Street View "The fort at Benwell, which was occupied throughout most of the Roman period by the cavalry regiment ala I Asturum, is no longer visible. ...
  from Simon Cotterill (Co-Curate Page)
Benwell Vallum Crossing / Condercum
- Overview About Condercum Map Street View "Nothing is now visible of the fort at Benwell (Condercum) in Newcastle, which was occupied throughout most of the Roman period by the Asturian ...
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
015230:Bobby Shafto Armstrong Road 1966

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
060693:Majestic Theatre Condercum Road Benwell Unknown 1929

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from Geograph (geograph)
Scotswood Delaval Drift, Scotswood Road

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from https://stjameschurchnewcas...
Benwell through the years - in Maps and Pictures
- A 32 page document about the history of Benwell by St James’ Heritage & Environment Group in partnership with West Newcastle Picture History Collection.

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from Geograph (geograph)
Terraced houses, South Benwell Road

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from Geograph (geograph)
Ethel Street

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from Youtube (youtube)
Closure of small shops in Benwell 1979

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from Youtube (youtube)
Part 2 Where Did Benwell Go! Buddle Road

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from Youtube (youtube)
Where Did Benwell Go! Part 1

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from Geograph (geograph)
Benwell Water Pumping Station, Axwell Park Road

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BENWELL ALLOTMENTS CHARACTER

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BENWELL-GALS.jpgw

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SUTTONS-DWELLINGS-5

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Fred Gregan

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from Youtube (youtube)
Canning Street School Benwell Part 1

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from http://www.chroniclelive.co...
24 unseen images of Newcastle West End under demolition in the early 1970s
- Chronicle live 16 MAY 2016. Article by David Morton. Rare photographs show Newcastle West End changing as the bulldozers moved into Benwell in the early 1970s...

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Pat Thomson
from Youtube (youtube)
West End News : Rehousing Benwell

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from Youtube (youtube)
Canning Street School Part 2 1970 to 1990

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from https://stjameschurchnewcas...
The Boy and The Hall
- Illustrated book (PdF) by Ron Henzell. "The Boy and the Hall is a story of the links between the past and the present through the autobiography of one individual." Relates ...

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Simon Cotterill
from TWAM (flickr)
Opening of Benwell Billiard Saloon

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
057853:Adelaide Terrace Benwell Unknown c.1905

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
033784:Benwell Village c1910

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
033746:Adelaide Terrace Benwell Unknown c.1935

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Plan of Benwell Tower Estate near Newcastle upon Tyne

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Plan of Benwell estate in the county of Northumberland

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
025861:Church House Grainger Park Road Benwell City Engineers 1976

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
043095:Whitehouse Road Benwell City Engineers 1967

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
053272:Dolphin Court Flats Benwell Unknown c.1975

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003355:Roman Mask Newcastle-Upon-Tyne 1906

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015167:The Venerable Bede Benwell Grove Benwell 1965

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
030397:The Adelaide Hotel Elm Street Benwell 1910

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
067815:Violet Street Benwell Whillis 1967/8

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from Flickr (flickr)
Fox and Hounds Lane

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Boer War Uniform

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Clara Street

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Hugh Street

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
008789:Benwell Village School Benwell Unknown c.1905

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