Description"The plaque above the gated entrance tells us that this was the drift entrance to the Scotswood Delaval mine. It was restored by Tyne & Wear County Council in 1986. The drift was part of the Delaval Benwell Colliery (closed in 1901). it may have been part of a railway incline from the Scotswood Delaval Drift which passes under the embankment of the former Scotswood, Newburn and Wylam Railway. P L Younger 'Making Water' p.121-157 in J D Mather Ed. '200 years of British Hydrogeology', Geological Society Special Publication 225 (2004) describes its construction as early as 1670 to drain water from pits at West Kenton, Newbiggin and Whorlton down to the Tyne. He says it is no longer flowing, due to undermining and sustained pumping at Kibblesworth (Gateshead). This situation, however, changed radically quite recently (as can be seen by the water that now constantly flows out) and necessitated emergency remedial measures to prevent flooding the road. To the west, at Bell's Close near the Scotswood Bridge, there was the exit of another tunnel, called Kitty's Drift. This carried an underground railway 3 miles from East Kenton Colliery down to the River Tyne, built around 1770. Its use for transporting coal was taken over by the Kenton and Coxlodge waggonway in 1808. Its exact course is now not known but historically notable as possibly the earliest underground railway in the world. To the left, six short rows of terraced houses used to run down to the road from the railway line: West St., Garden St., Delaval St., and Ida St. In the 1950s, the site to the right, bounded by the corrugated metal retaining wall, was occupied by the crane hire company, Reeds Cranes. They are now located, as Reed Bray Cranes Ltd., in Team Valley." Photo by Andrew Curtis, 2012, and licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons Licence.
LicenseWhat does this mean? Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0)
Further informationLink: http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/2838819
Resource type: Text/Website
Added by: Simon Cotterill
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