Tyne Bridge


Tyne BridgeThe Tyne Bridge is an iconic arch bridge over the River Tyne which links Newcastle and Gateshead. Construction of the bridge by Dorman Long & Co took place between 1925 and 1928; with the opening ceremony on 10th October 1928. The bridge carries the A167 road (and previously the A1, before the road was rerouted to bypass Newcastle city centre). There have been a number of bridges across the Tyne at this location, going back to the Roman bridge Pons Aelius, c122AD. In 1270 a stone Medieval bridge was built, which stood for 500 years, until it was badly damaged by the great flood of 1771. This was replaced by a new stone bridge in 1781, but this bridge was removed in 1866 to allow taller ships up the Tyne, with the Swing Bridge being built in 1876, and the current 1928 Tyne Bridge being built high enough for ships to pass underneath. The Tyne Bridge is Grade II* listed. Tyne Bridges Timeline

The Tyne Bridge is a through arch bridge over the River Tyne in North East England, linking Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead. The bridge was designed by the engineering firm Mott, Hay and Anderson, who later designed the Forth Road Bridge, and was built by Dorman Long and Co. of Middlesbrough. The bridge was officially opened on 10 October 1928 by King George V and has since become a defining symbol of Tyneside. It is ranked as the tenth tallest structure in the city.

History of construction

The earliest bridge across the Tyne, Pons Aelius, was built by the Romans on the site of the present Swing Bridge around 122.

Work started in August 1925 with Dorman Long acting as the building contractors. Despite the dangers of the building work, only one worker, Nathaniel Collins, a father of four and a local scaffolder from South Shields, died in the building of this structure.

The Tyne Bridge was designed by Mott, Hay and Anderson, comparable to their Sydney Harbour Bridge version. These bridges derived their design from the Hell Gate Bridge in New York City. The bridge was completed on 25 February 1928, and officially opened on 10 October by King George V and Queen Mary, who were the first to use the roadway, travelling in their Ascot Landau. The opening ceremony was attended by 20,000 schoolchildren who had been given the day off. Movietone news recorded the speech given by the King.

The Tyne Bridge's towers were built of Cornish granite and were designed by local architect Robert Burns Dick as warehouses with five storeys. But, the inner floors of the warehouses in the bridge's towers were not completed and, as a result, the storage areas were never used. Lifts for passengers and goods were built in the towers to provide access to the Quayside; they are no longer in use.

The bridge's design uses a parabolic arch.

The bridge was originally painted green with special paint made by J. Dampney Co. of Gateshead. The same colours were used to paint the bridge in 2000.

The bridge spans and the road deck is above the river level.

Technical Information

  • Total length: 389 metres (1,276 ft)
  • Length of arch span: 161.8 metres (531 ft)
  • Rise of arch: 55 metres (180 ft)
  • Clearance: 26 metres (85 ft)
  • Height: 59 metres (194 ft)
  • Width: 17.08 metres (56.0 ft)
  • Structural Steel: 7,122 tonnes
  • Total weight of steelwork: (arch only) 3,556 tonnes
  • Total number of rivets (including approaches): 777,124

History of operations

Upon opening, the bridge carried the A1 road. Following the opening of the Tyne Tunnel in 1967, however, the A1 was diverted to the East and the road became the A6127. Following the construction of the Newcastle Western Bypass, the A1 moved again. The bridge was redesignated as the A167, which it remains today. The bridge deck carries 4 lanes of traffic, 2 southbound and 2 northbound, and has a speed limit of 40mph.

In 2012 the largest Olympic rings in the UK were erected on the bridge. The rings were manufactured by commercial signage specialists Signmaster ED Ltd of Kelso. The rings were over 25 metres wide and 12 metres tall and weighed in excess of 4000 kg. This was in preparation for Newcastle hosting the Olympic football tournament, and the Olympic torch relay, in which Bear Grylls zipwired from the top of the arch, to Gateshead quayside.

On 28 June 2012, a large lightning bolt struck the Tyne Bridge. It lit up the roads as the sky was very dark. The bolt, part of a super-cell thunderstorm, came with heavy rain – a month's worth of rainfall in just 2 hours – causing flash flooding on Tyneside.

In 2015 Newcastle upon Tyne was a host city for the Rugby World Cup. Three matches were played at St James Park, the home of Newcastle United Football Club. In recognition, a large illuminated sign was erected on Tyne Bridge.

On 13 November 2017, the Tyne Bridge was the venue for the Freedom on the Tyne finale, the finale of the 2017 Freedom City festival. The 2017 Freedom City festival commemorated Newcastle's civil rights history and the 50 years since Dr Martin Luther King's visit to Newcastle, where King received his honorary degree from Newcastle University.

Newcastle University and Freedom City 2017 wanted to use the Tyne Bridge to symbolically hark back in history to Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama where King was involved in one of the key moments for the struggle for civil rights in 1965. 24 roads around the Tyne Bridge where closed for the day long event. The Freedom of the Tyne event featured the many civil right stories from history. The final event, revolved around the Jarrow Crusade which was described as a memorable closing to the finale.

Grade II* listed by Historic England

On the 23 August 2018 the bridge became one of the 5.8% of structures in England which are Grade II* listed. The rating means the bridge is a particular important structure of more than special interest. The bridge was upgraded by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport on the advice of Historic England.

The bridge was upgraded to Grade II* for architectural and historical interest, as outlined here:

Architectural interest:

A striking steel arch design, at its construction, notable as the largest single-span steel arch bridge on the British Isles; It is a similar prototype design as to that prepared for Sydney Harbour, Australia; the main arch was designed by the eminent civil engineer (Sir) Ralph Freeman; the prototype of a method of construction involving progressive cantilevering, using cables, cradles and cranes, which was also developed for Sydney Harbour, but first tested in Newcastle; its neoclassical and Art Deco towers that are well-detailed and defined; a potent symbol of the character and industrial pride of Tyneside; recognised worldwide for its dramatic design.

Historic interest:

it is associated with some of the most distinguished 20th-century civil engineers. One of its engineers being Sir Ralph Freeman, the architect of some of the most impressive bridges in the world. Freeman was a founder of Freeman Fox & Partners, renowned bridge designers worldwide

Kittiwake colony

The bridge and nearby structures are used as a nesting site by a colony of around 700 pairs of black-legged kittiwakes, the furthest inland in the world. The colony featured in the BBC's Springwatch programme in 2010. Several groups, including the Natural History Society of Northumbria and local Wildlife Trusts, formed a "Tyne Kittiwake Partnership" to safeguard the colony. A proposal for a tower to be built as an alternative nesting site was made in 2011, and in November 2015 a neighbouring hotel submitted a planning application for measures to discourage the birds.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 10/10/2018).
Visit the page: Tyne Bridge for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.
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053710:Newcastle Bridges City Engineers c.1980s

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054670:Newcastle Bridges Newcastle upon Tyne City Engineers 1982

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061547:Tyne Bridges at sunset Newcastle upon Tyne City Engineers around 1995

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068217:Newcastle Bridges Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1980

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070457:Millennium Bridge Gateshead unknown 2001

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068107:Newcastle Bridges Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1920s

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Progress of the Spans 11th January 1928
- From 'Pictures of Gateshead and the Surrounding Area' by Andy Williamson. The images may be used for non-commercial purposes, subject to acknowledging the source; see: http://picturesofgateshead.co.uk

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Tyne Bridge and Newcastle Quayside, 1950

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The Tyne Bridge
- "Looking towards the Tyne Bridge from Quayside. The advertising hoarding for the Bupa great north run is visible on the side of the bridge." Photo by David P Howard, 2013 ...

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Tyne Bridge

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Tyne Bridge

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Newcastle: Swing Bridge and Tyne Bridge

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Olympic rings on the Tyne Bridge with the Swing Bridge in the foreground

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Runners on the Tyne Bridge

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Tyne Bridge and Tuxedo Princess

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From the Bridge

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Bridge

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Tor544, Tyne Bridge, Newcastle upon Tyne

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Atmospheric view of the Tyne Bridge, 1959

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056627:Tyne Bridge Gateshead unknown not dated

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Tyne Bridge, 1960

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View from Newcastle Swing Bridge, 1976

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The Tyne Bridge

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The Tyne Bridge

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Tyne Bridge (south approach) (2001)

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The Tyne Bridge, Newcastle

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Tyne Bridge

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Newcastle host city for the Rugby World Cup 2015

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So many bridges... so little Tyne!

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Fog on the Tyne

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Tyne Bridges

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2012_02_28 027 Gateshead

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Gateshead
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Dorman, Long and Co Ltd
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Tyne Bridge Damaged by Floods, 1771
- "On Sunday Morning the 17th of November 1771 an unprecedented inundation of the Tyne occurred by which the bridge at Newcastle with the shops and houses thereon were carried away ...
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View along the Tyne Bridge during construction

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The Newcastle side of the Tyne Bridge

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Tyne Bridge listed status upgraded during Great Exhibition of the North to celebrate its importance
- "....The Tyne Bridge has been upgraded to Grade II* listed today by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport on the advice of Historic England. Celebrated photographer John Kippin ...

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Olympic Rings on the Tyne Bridge

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THE BRIDGE

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bridge

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Tyne Bridge, Newcastle

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