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National Schools


During the 19th century the National Society for Promoting Religious Education aimed to establish a school in every parish, to provide elementary education for poor children (for whom there was little or no educational provision), in accordance with the teaching of the Church of England. Many of the national schools were later absorbed into the state school system. 

A National school was a school founded in 19th century England and Wales by the National Society for Promoting Religious Education.

These schools provided elementary education, in accordance with the teaching of the Church of England, to the children of the poor.

Together with the less numerous British schools of the British and Foreign School Society, they provided the first near-universal system of elementary education in England and Wales.

The schools were eventually absorbed into the state system, either as fully state-run schools or as faith schools funded by the state.

History

Prior to 1800, education for poorer children was limited to isolated charity schools.

In 1808 the Royal Lancastrian Society (later the British and Foreign School Society) was created to promote schools using the Monitorial System of Joseph Lancaster.

The National Society was set up in 1811 to establish similar schools using the system of Dr Andrew Bell, but based on the teachings of the Church of England in contrast to the non-denominational Christian instruction of the Lancastrian schools. The aim of the National Society was to establish a National school in every parish of England and Wales. The schools were usually next to the parish church, and named after it.

From 1833, the state began to pay annual grants to the societies, with the much larger National Society receiving a proportionally larger share.

The grants increased over time, but they were accompanied by inspections and increasing demands from the state.

The rigid monitorial system, though economical, came to be viewed by inspectors as limited.

The Education Act 1870 provided for the establishment of board schools to supplement those of the societies, and allowed for state funding of 50% of the running costs of voluntary schools, but phased out capital funding.

The National Society responded by raising £10 million and almost doubling the number of its schools to 12,000 in 15 years. However the schools found it difficult to meet their maintenance costs, and also suffered from competition with board schools. Many schools were closed or handed over to the school boards. The Education Act 1902 provided some relief.

During the 20th century these schools became voluntary aided or voluntary controlled primary schools, funded by the state but still able to promote the teachings of the Church of England.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 24/05/2017).
Visit the page: National school (England and Wales) for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.
Schools Memorial Hall, Stainton Lynesack National School Former Mount Road School Acklington First School (1853 - 2018) Harbottle CofE Aided First School Whalton CoE Primary School Church of England Shoreswood National School Gainford CofE Primary School
from Geograph (geograph)
Harbottle First School

Pinned by Peter Smith
from Geograph (geograph)
Lynesack National School (erected 1852)

Pinned by Peter Smith
from Geograph (geograph)
Former village school, Harelaw

Pinned by Peter Smith
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
030154:St. John's National School Bath Lane Newcastle upon Tyne 1927

Pinned by Peter Smith
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
060739:Benton National School Benton Unknown 1870

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Lynesack National School
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Lynesack National School
- Overview Map Street View Lynesack National School was established in 1852, located in Lynesack, near Butterknowle in County Durham. During the 19th century the National Society for Promoting Religious Education ...
Harbottle CofE Aided First School
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Harbottle CofE Aided First School
- Overview Map Street View Harbottle Church of England Voluntary Aided First School is set back from the main street in Harbottle. The school has about 50 pupils aged 3 to 9.[1] ...
Whalton CoE Primary School
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Whalton CoE Primary School
- Overview Map Street View Whalton Church of England Aided Primary School is located on the south side of Whalton, near St Mary's Church. It is a voluntary aided school with ...
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School House, Shoreswood

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Copeley House: for 101 years Shadforth village school

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Former Mount Road School
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Former Mount Road School
- The former Tweedmouth National Schools on Mount Road was built in 1868, replacing an earlier school on the site.[1] The original school was established by Rev. John Leach, perpetual curate of ...
Memorial Hall, Stainton
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Memorial Hall, Stainton
- Overview Map Street View Memorial Hall is located on Meldyke Place in Stainton, Middlesbrough. The building has an interesting history; it was originally built in 1844 as a national school. ...
Gainford CofE Primary School
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Gainford CofE Primary School
- Overview Map Street View Gainford CofE Primary School on Low Road in Gainford was originally built in 1857 as a National School linked with the close by St Mary's Church. ...
Acklington First School (1853 - 2018)
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Acklington First School (1853 - 2018)
- Overview Map Street View A National School was established in Acklington in 1853. This went on to be Acklington Church of England First School. The school was closed on the ...

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