Horden


Horden is a village near Peterlee in County Durham, located on the coast about 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a small medieval manor centred on Hodern Hall. However, the growth of the village was driven by the sinking of Horden Colliery in 1900. At its peak the colliery employed over 4,000 men and boys. The colliery was closed in 1987, brining great hardship to the community in Horden. Local landmarks include St Marys Church (1913) and Welfare Park, which has been restored as part of the regeneration of the village.

Horden is a village and electoral ward in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the Horden Colliery in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the villages of Blackhall Colliery and Blackhall Rocks to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.

History

The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century by Sir John Conyers, 1st Baronet (d.1664). However, Horden village did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction of Horden Colliery began in 1900. By 1920 Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets. The name Horden may well be derived from the Danish "Yoden" or Yew Dene, as in the case of Eden or Yoden found corrupted in "Castle Eden. Yew is commonly found in Castle Eden Dene.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951. By 1964 there were 3 cinemas, cricket, rugby and football pitches and also a bowling green.

By 1970 the colliery was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" and expected to have a life of 30 years.

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock. In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

In political terms, Horden is split between the Horden North and Horden South wards of Durham County Council, both of which are part of the parliamentary constituency of Easington, represented since 2010 by Grahame Morris of the Labour Party.

Mining

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987. The only original sites left now are the medical centre site now occupied by a Gymnasium The baths now rebuilt into offices The Canteen occupied by a Garage and the Ventilation office now used by the local council.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.

Regeneration

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Welfare and Memorial Parks are both currently designated Green Flag Parks with the Welfare Park also recognised with the Green Heritage Award, one of only four in the North East of England. The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden boasts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with several clubs bringing people from nearby villages. Pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and popular on Weekends, Horden Catholic Club and Horden Rugby Club.

Schools

  • Our Lady Star of the Sea, RC primary school
  • Cotsford Junior School
  • Cotsford Infants School
  • Yohden Primary School

Notable residents

  • Stan Anderson international footballer
  • Bob Taylor professional footballer
  • Brian Little professional footballer and coach
  • Adam Johnson professional footballer
  • Dale Roberts professional footballer (deceased)
  • Eddy Ellwood professional bodybuilder
Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 25/11/2016).
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from http://www.geograph.org.uk/...
The village of Horden from 800 feet asl
- "This photograph was taken in April 2007 and shows a view of Horden not often seen. Locals to the area will clearly see Cotsford Lane School and, to the west ...

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Pat Thomson
from http://www.geograph.org.uk/...
St Mary's Church
- "St Mary's was built in 1911 with funds from Colonel Roland Burdon, and opened in 1913." Photo by Colin Kinnear, 2015, and licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons ...

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Simon Cotterill
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Memorial Wheel
- "Horden Colliery Memorial Wheel" Photo by george hurrell, 2006, and licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons Licence.

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from Flickr (flickr)
Horden Beach

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Horden Beach

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The Bell, Horden
- Phptp by Alex McGregor, 2010, and licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons Licence.

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from http://hordenhc.wixsite.com...
Horden Colliery Heritage Centre
- "The Horden Heritage Centre opened its doors in August 2009 showcasing displays of local memorabilia. Our Heritage displays shows a complete history of Horden Colliery, from the origins of the ...

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Simon Cotterill
from http://www.geograph.org.uk/...
Former Community Centre, Eden Lane, Horden
- Photo by Alex McGregor, 2010, and licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons Licence.

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from http://www.geograph.org.uk/...
Blackhills Road, Horden
- Photo by JThomas, 2011, and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.

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Third Street Horden County Durham
- Photo by peter robinson, 2010, and licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons Licence.

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from Newcastle University (youtube)
Crippled Boy "A Miracle" (1958)

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from http://www.geograph.org.uk/...
Park and clock tower, Horden
- Photo by JThomas, 2011, and licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons Licence.

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from http://www.geograph.org.uk/...
The Comrades Social Club, Horden
- Photo by Ian S, 2013, and licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons Licence.

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from http://horden.parish.durham...
Horden Parish Council

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from http://www.durhamintime.org...
Horden History

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The railway viaduct at Castleden, Dene Mouth
- "This photograph was taken from 1200 feet above and a little to the east of the viaduct. To the left of the picture can be seen the northernmost buildings of ...

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  from Simon Cotterill (Co-Curate Page)
Blackhall Colliery
- Overview About Blackhall Colliery Map Street View   Blackhall Colliery is a village on the North Sea coast of County Durham, in England. It is situated on the A1086 between ...
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Iron bird-sculpture
- "This photograph shows an interesting iron sculpture of a bird that is located near the cliff edge on the Durham coastline near Hartlepool Point. The Durham Coastal Path can just ...

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