Annfield Plain


Annfield Plain is a village in County Durham, located between Stanley and Consett. The village's past is strongly associated with coal mining, which can be traced back to the 17th century, and boomed during the 19th and early 20th century. Interestingly, the old Co-operative store in Annifield Plain was dismantled and rebuilt at the nearby Beamish Open Air Museum as part of the town set in 1913, about 5 miles away!

Annfield Plain is a village in County Durham, in England. It is situated on a plateau between the towns of Stanley, to the north-east, and Consett, to the west. According to the 2001 census, Annfield Plain has a population of 3,569. By the time of the 2011 Census Annfield Plain had become a ward of Stanley parish. The ward had a population of 7,774. Along with much of the surrounding area, Annfield Plain's history lies in coal mining. While the industry collapsed in the 1980s and 90s, its effects are still apparent both in the landscape and in folk memory.

Much of the surrounding landscape is rough moorland, dominated by the nearby Pontop Pike television mast. Not far from semi-rural Derwentside, however, is the Tyneside–Wearside conurbation, with Newcastle away, and Sunderland a similar distance. The cathedral city of Durham is away and offers quite a contrast to the former pit villages in the area of Annfield Plain.

Name

"Anfield", as the name was originally appears to derive from "the fields of An", referring to a man who lived before the Norman Conquest. The "Plain" part of the name was originally "Plane" and appears to refer originally not to the plateau on which the village stands but to the inclined plane on the Stanhope and Tyne Railway of 1834. The engine used by the plane was known as the Anfield Engine because of its proximity to Anfield House, built in the 18th century on nearby Loud Hill. The spelling changed to "Annfield Plain" around 1856, when houses were built for miners on the nearby plateau.

History

The earliest hard evidence of habitation in the area comes from the 16th century, when the main economic activity was sheep farming. The village's association with mining begins in the late 17th century when many shallow mines were dug. The Stanhope and Tyne Railway, laid in 1834, assisted the transportation of coal. Several limekilns were built at this time and were fuelled by local coal, with limestone being brought in by rail.

Demand for coal increased with the advent of the Industrial Revolution, and a number of deep pits were sunk over the course of the 19th century. The village grew substantially and light industry increased, including the construction of a brewery, mill, and candle factory; as well as various services for the population, including a school, church, at least two nonconformist chapels, and a variety of shops.

In the 19th century Annfield Plain was the scene of a murder, when a man named William Thompson killed his wife. He was hanged at Durham prison on 5 January 1874.³

Annfield Plain Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1907. The club closed in 1931.

Present day

While there is some light industry, most of Annfield Plain is made up of housing, village shops and several pubs. The local Tesco (formally Co-operative) Co-op supermarket was commonly known as the Disco, an allusion to its former name: the Annfield Plain Co-op and Discount Electricals. The supermarket was converted to a Tesco store in October 2007. The original Annfield Plain co-operative store was dismantled and rebuilt at the nearby Beamish Open Air Museum in the late 1980s. The site of the village's main pit, the Busty, is now a privately owned coach garage.

Its proximity to the major centres of the North East of England has in recent years attracted residents from Newcastle and Gateshead to move out to escape the city. This has had the consequence of pushing up house prices, long among the cheapest in Britain, which had been both a boon and burden to locals.

Annfield Plain is also known for not having any nightlife.

Geography

Administration

Annfield Plain is located in the County Durham unitary authority area. It is represented on Durham County Council by Michele Hodgson and Thomas Nearney (both Labour). The village is part of the North Durham parliamentary constituency, which as of 2005 is represented in parliament by Kevan Jones (Labour). It is in the North East England region, which serves as a constituency for the European Parliament.

The local police force is Durham Constabulary. Annfield Plain is in the Derwentside division and its nearest police station is in Catchgate

Location

  • Elevation: 250 m (850 ft)
  • Road access: A693 between Stanley and Consett, and numerous minor roads
  • Rail access: Chester-le-Street, 11 km (6.8 miles) by road

Nearby places

Surrounding Annfield Plain and effectively joined to it are several other villages:

  • Greencroft to the west
  • New Kyo to the east
  • West Kyo and Catchgate to the north
Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 20/04/2016).
Visit the page: Annfield Plain for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.

from Beamish (flickr)
Annfield Plain Co-op 1976, now Herron's Bakery in Beamish Town

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Beamish (flickr)
Annfield Plain Co-op interior

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Beamish (flickr)
Children snowballing outside Annfield Plain Co-op

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Beamish (flickr)
Ladies at the Beach

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
110412-015 CPS

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Traction Engine at the Co-op

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Geograph (geograph)
Annfield Plain Public Library

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from http://www.dmm.org.uk/colli...
South Derwent Colliery
- Annfield Plain, 1860s - ?

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from http://www.dmm.org.uk/colli...
Morrison Busty Colliery
- Annfield Plain, 1927 - 1973

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Annfield Plain Intermediate School. New Kyo

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from http://www.annfieldplain-fh...
Annfield Plain Family History Society
- Photographs, resources etc. "We are a group of like minded people with an interest in Family & Local History, based in Annfield Plain but covering the history of the whole of ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from http://www.durham.gov.uk/me...
Annfield Plain Conservation Area Character Appraisal (PDF)
- "The special character of Annfield Plain Conservation Area is derived from its rapid growth in Victorian times as a town associated with the mining industry and the associated railway development ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from http://www.keystothepast.in...
Local History: Annfield Plain
- "The area that is now the village of Annfield Plain was originally part of Lanchester Common. Most of the land was rough pasture or woodland. Very little is known about ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from https://archive.org/details...
Jubilee history of Annfield Plain Industrial Co-operative Society ltd. 1870 to 1920
- By Ross, Thomas; Stoddart, Andrew (1921). Available as a free eBook.

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Annfield Plain War Memorial

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Durham Road, Anfield Plain

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The Church of St Aidan, Annfield Plain

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Annfield Plain Junior School

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Thomas Street, Annfield Plain

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The Morrison Road Ends

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
"The ravines" at New Kyo

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Fines House, Annfield Plain

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
West Kyo
  Co-Curate Page
West Kyo
- Overview About West Kyo Map Street View West Kyo is a small village near Annfield Plain in County Durham. The village's past is closely linked with coal mining, and West Kyo ...
from Geograph (geograph)
Path on former Loud Waggonway

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
Harelaw
  Co-Curate Page
Harelaw
- Overview Map Street View Harelaw is a village just north of Annfield Plain and West Kyo in County Durham. The former mining village has a number of notable Victorian buildings, including ...
from IllustratedChronicles (flickr)
W Dobson - 2nd DLI - Ferryhill (Killed)

Pinned by Simon Cotterill

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