Hebburn


Hebburn is a town in South Tyneside, which is located on the south bank of the River Tyne, to the west of Jarrow. There was a fortified manor house at Hebburn in the 14th century, located on the site of Hebburn Hall, by the present Carr Ellison Park. Coal mining in Hebburn can be traced back to the 17th century, and Hebburn Colliery was established in 1792, and operated up to 1932. In the mid 19th century the ship building industry grew rapidly, including ship yards of Hawthorn Leslie and also a yard of Palmers, in Hebburn. Shipyard owner Andrew Leslie paid for the building of Church of St Andrew (1872); this local landmark is now a Buddhist meditation centre.

Hebburn is a small town situated on the south bank of the River Tyne in North East England, sandwiched between the towns of Jarrow and Gateshead. The population of Hebburn was 18,808 in 2001, reducing to 16,492 at the 2011 Census for the 2 Hebburn Wards (North & South).

History

Historically part of County Durham, it is thought that the name Hebburn may be derived from the Old English terms, heah meaning "high", and byrgen meaning a "burial mound", though it could also mean the high place beside the water. The first record of Hebburn mentions a settlement of fishermen's huts in the 8th century, which were burned by the Vikings.

Local legend claims that, until recently, a preserved longship lay embedded on the south bank of the Tyne at Hebburn. The object, visible at low tide, was however the remains of an old wooden "coal lighter". A genuine longship would likely have been salvaged by a historical society, or have had a protection order placed upon it.

In the 14th century the landscape was dominated by a peel tower. A wall, a portion of which still remains at St. John's Church, could also be seen. The Lordship of the Manor of Hebburn passed through the hands of a number of families during the Middle Ages, including the Hodgsons of Hebburn (James 1974, Hodgson).

Coal was mined at Hebburn as early as the 17th century. Hebburn Colliery opened in 1792 and eventually operated three pits. It closed in 1932. 200 miners were killed during the life of the colliery. The youngest were 10 years old.

Hebburn also has a proud shipbuilding history with many Royal Navy battle ships being built at A. Leslie and Company. The most best known ship built at the ship yard was HMS Kelly, launched in 1938 and commanded by Lord Louis Mountbatten. One hundred and thirty men were killed when it was sunk and they are remembered in memorials at Hebburn Cemetery, which were erected by surviving members of the crew and workers from Hawthorn Leslie.

The former British Short-Circuit Testing Station in Victoria Road West within the town, owned by A. Reyrolle & Company provided the backdrop for the Gary Numan video "Metal". The facility was demolished in 2011.

Hebburn Town F.C., formed in 1912, and Hebburn Reyrolle F.C. are the town's local non-league football teams. Hebburn Argyle, which existed in the early 1900s, reformed several years ago as a youth club.

Athletics is also catered for at Monkton Stadium, home of Jarrow and Hebburn Athletic Club, where Brendan Foster, Steve Cram and David Sharpe are notable past runners.

The Parachute Regiment 4th Para Reserves have a base in Hebburn.

The Air Cadets have a unit located at Hebburn TA Centre.

Hebburn has an ecology centre powered by wind turbines.

It is the location of a shipyard, operated by A&P Group.

In 2012, the BBC commissioned a television series Hebburn to be set in the town. It was created and co-written by Jason Cook, who was raised in Hebburn. The first episode was broadcast on 18 October 2012.

Hebburn has two secondary schools St Joseph's Catholic Academy (formerly St Joseph's Comprehensive School) and Hebburn Comprehensive school.

Transport

It has a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro called Hebburn Metro station.

Notable citizens

  • George Armstrong: Football player with Arsenal F.C.[15][16]
  • Chris Basham: Football player with Blackpool F.C. and Bolton Wanderers F.C
  • Dominic Bruce OBE MC AFM KSG MA RAF: Known as the "Medium Sized Man", escaped from Colditz Castle
  • Jason Cook: Comedian, writer of the BBC sitcom Hebburn
  • Jack English: Football player
  • Carl Finnigan: Football player with St Johnstone F.C, Falkirk F.C. and Newcastle United F.C
  • Brendan Foster: Athlete and Sports commentator
  • Arthur Holmes: Geologist
  • Andrew Leslie: Shipbuilder[17]
  • Wilfred Milne: Football player
  • Sir Fergus Montgomery: Conservative MP and Margaret Thatcher's Parliamentary Private Secretary
  • Ray Wood: Football player with Manchester United F.C.
Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 30/11/2017).
Visit the page: Hebburn for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.

from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
022791:Cricket Hebburn unknown c.1930

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044311:Hawthorn Leslie Hebburn Shipbuilding Yard unknown c.1946

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011495:St. John's Church Hebburn C.1920

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011502:Lambley Crescent Hebburn 1938

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Launching the Holyhead Ferry

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The Oldest Workman

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King George VI at the shipyard of Hawthorn Leslie

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029780:Hebburn Hebburn Infirmary 1934.

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022812:Hebburn Reyrolle

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011503:Hall Ponds Hebburn

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008841:Hebburn Infirmary 1905

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King George VI visits Hebburn Shipyard

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HMS Kelly

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The ships get bigger and bigger

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Liner Launched (1924)

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Hebburn Cemetery

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Reyrolle, Hebburn

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Tucker, Sidney - Hebburn - 26 Sep 1914

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George Angus and Co. Ltd, Hebburn, 1956

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024249:Carr Street Hebburn Tyne and Wear c.1900

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HEBBURN

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Wardles Bar, Albert Street, Hebburn

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A&P Tyne - a ship repair and conversion company

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Highline Social Club, Hebburn Colliery

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Wagonway Road

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Dougie's Tavern

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Blackett Street, Hebburn Colliery

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Industrial site, Wagonway Road, Hebburn

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C2C at Hebburn

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The White Lead, Blackett Street, Hebburn

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The Eco Centre from Blackett Street

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The Eco Centre, Windmill Way, Hebburn Colliery

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Wagonway Road, Hebburn

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The Tyne at Hebburn

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St Aloysious Primary School

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Park Road Back Lane

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The Clock, Victoria Road East

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Hebburn Swimming Pool

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The clock on The Clock, Victoria Road East

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Sign for The Clock, Victoria Road East

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No 2 Coal Train, Entrance Campbell Park

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Thirlmere Court, Hebburn

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Kipling Avenue, Hebburn

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The Longship, Hebburn

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New school building, Hebburn

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Victoria Road East, Hebburn

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The Clock, Hebburn

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C2C at Hebburn

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Water front at Hebburn (detail)

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Water front at Hebburn

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Victoria House, Prince Consort Road, Hebburn

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Flash @ Hebburn by Charles Quick

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Aerial View of Hebburn Town Centre in South Tyneside

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Industrial Estate

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Derelict wharves at Hebburn

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Boardwalk, Hebburn

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Riverside path, Hebburn

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Flash

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The Roadhouse on Victoria Road West, Hebburn

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Path beside the Tyne, Riverside Park

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Hebburn New Town

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Cut steel panels, Jetty, Hebburn Riverside

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Cut steel panels, Jetty, Hebburn Riverside

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Jetty, Hebburn Riverside

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'Flash @ Hebburn', Hebburn Riverside Park

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River Tyne from Hebburn Riverside Park

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Viewpoint marker, Hebburn Riverside Park

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Cut steel bench, Riverside Park, Hebburn

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Riverside Park, Hebburn

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Road behind Westmorland Court

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Flash at Hebburn (Public Art )

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Metro bridge and drive leading to Reyrolles

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Hebburn Riverside

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Hebburn Iona Club

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Hebburn New Town

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Hebburn Metro Station and Reyrolle offices

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T.S. Kelly

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Hazelmoor, Hebburn

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Former Hawthorn, Leslie dry dock, Hebburn

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C2C at Hebburn

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Caledonian Hotel

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Houses on The Riverside

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Cranes at Hebburn Dock

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Little Aberdeen

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Ellison Street, Hebburn

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Industrial estate, Hebburn

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The Caledonian Hotel, Hebburn

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Cycle track beside River Tyne

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Cycle path towards Jarrow

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Industrial area, Hebburn

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Ellison Street, Hebburn

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Red Brick Factory, Hebburn Colliery

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from http://www.twsitelines.info...
Tyne and Wear HER(979): Hebburn, fortified manor house
- "The present Hebburn Hall dates to the 17th century with late 18th and 19th century alterations. Its predecessor, according to Surtees writing in 1820, was an "old mansion house...built ...

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Hebburn

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cokeworks01

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Jarrow and Hebburn Boundary

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  from Simon Cotterill (Co-Curate Page)
Arthur Holmes (1890 - 1965)
- Overview About Arthur Holmes Arthur Holmes was born in Hebburn on the 14h of January 1890. He spent much of his childhood in Low Fell, Gateshead. Holmes went on to ...

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