Topics > Cumbria > Civil Parishes in Cumbria > Ennerdale and Kinniside Civil Parish

Ennerdale and Kinniside Civil Parish


Parish boundaries may have changed - for the latest map see the Parish Council or Cumbria County Council.

About the Parish

Main Settlements:

Ennerdale Bridge, Croasdale. Kinniside is a distributed communinty, with no village as such.

Population:

220  (2011 Census)

240  (2001 Census)

Area: 87.6 km2
Parish Council: Ennerdale and Kinniside Civil Parish
District Council: Copeland Borough Council
County Council: Cumbria County Council

Historical

Ancient Townships

Ennerdale Chapelry included 2 townships:

Ennerdale Township

Kinniside Township

Townships/Chapelrys became civil parishes in their own right in 1866 (see below).

Ancient Parish:

St Bees Parish  (St Bega)

Ancient parishes refer to the parishes before the split between ecclesiastical (church) and civil parishes in the 19th century. They had a parish church and often were composed of multiple townships and chapelries. In many cases, townships and parishes were originally based on the territory of manors from the feudal system during medieval times. Civil parishes were created following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1866, in which Church of England parishes, extra-parochial areas, townships and chapelries, became "civil parishes" which could set their own poor rate (tax). Then the reforms of Local Government Act 1894 established elected civil parish councils (or parish meetings for parishes with less than 300 residents) and created urban and rural districts. Boundaries of parishes and civil parishes may have changed over time.

Ancient District:

Allerdale above Derwent (ward)

Poor Law Union:

Whitehaven Poor Law Union, formed in 1838.

Whitehaven Union Workhouse initially used existing workhouses on Scotch Street in Whitehaven (for females), and a workhouse at Ginns (for males). The workhouse at Whitewhaven had originally built in 1743 and enlarged to house 200 inmates in 1795. In 1855, these were replaced by a new and larger workhouse on Low Road (now St Bees Road) built to house 424 inmates.

Under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 parishes were grouped into Unions, each of which had to build a workhouse if they did not already have one. It ended the old system of locally provided poor relief which had come under strain as numbers out of work grew, following increasing mechanisation of agriculture and the economic downturn after the Napoleonic Wars, along with changing social attitudes. The workhouse provided those unable to support themselves financially with accommodation and work. Inmates were generally segregated into men, women, boys and girls. 

The workhouse system was abolished by the Local Government Act 1929, but many workhouses lived on as ‘Public Assistance Institutions’ until the National Assistance Act 1948.

County:

Cumberland, until 1974, then:

Cumbria, which was created on the 1st of April 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972. The new county absorbed Cumberland and Westmorland, and added some parts of Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire.

District Council:

Whitehaven Rural District (1894 - 1934)

Ennerdale Rural District (1934 - 1974)

Copeland Borough (1974 - )  Created by the Local Government Act 1972. Copeland Borough was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the Borough of Whitehaven, Ennerdale Rural District and Millom Rural District.

See also:  Historic Buildings and Monuments in Ennerdale and Kinniside. Note: listed buildings are generally the responsibility of the county council / unitary authority, rather than the parish council.

Civil Parishes in Cumbria Ennerdale, 1848 Ennerdale Bridge Croasdale, Cumbria Kinniside Ennerdale Water Historic Buildings and Monuments in Ennerdale and Kinniside Kinniside, 1848 Monk's Bridge across River Calder
from http://www.eandkpc.co.uk/
Ennerdale and Kinniside Parish Council

Added by
Simon Cotterill
Ennerdale Bridge
  Co-Curate Page
Ennerdale Bridge
- Overview About Ennerdale Bridge Map Street View Ennerdale Bridge is a village in the Copeland district of Cumbria, located about 3 miles north-east of Cleator Moor (town) and 1 mile ...
Ennerdale, 1848
  Co-Curate Page
Ennerdale, 1848
- ENNERDALE, a parochial chapelry, in the parish of St. Bees, union of Whitehaven, Allerdale ward above Derwent, W. division of Cumberland, 5 miles (N.E.) from Egremont; containing, with Ennerdale High ...
from https://www.cumbriacountyhi...
Ennerdale
- "Chapelry in St Bees parish, Allerdale above Derwent ward, Cumberland, containing townships of Ennerdale and Kinniside and extra-parochial waste of Copeland Forest or Stockdale Moor....art of Copeland forest. At ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
Croasdale, Cumbria
  Co-Curate Page
Croasdale, Cumbria
- Overview Map Street View Croasdale is a hamlet in the Copeland district of Cumbria, located about 1½ miles north-east of the village of Ennerdale Bridge and 5 miles north-east of ...
from Geograph (geograph)
Blakely Raise [Kinniside] Stone Circle - 1959

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Cpl. Vickers, M.G.C., Ennderdale (Military Medal)

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Pte. H. Williamson - Ennerdale - Border Regiment

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Ennerdale YHA

Pinned by Edmund Anon
Ennerdale Water
  Co-Curate Page
Ennerdale Water
- Overview About Ennerdale Water Map Street View   Ennerdale Water is the most westerly lake in the Lake District National Park in Cumbria, England. It is a glacial lake, with ...
from Flickr (flickr)
Looking back at Ennerdale Water

Pinned by Edmund Anon
from https://www.visionofbritain...
Ennerdale and Kinniside CP

Added by
Simon Cotterill
  Co-Curate Page
Kinniside
- Overview Map Kinniside is a large and sparcely populated area in the Copeland district of Cumbia, located to the east of Cleator Moor (town) and south-west of Ennerdale Bridge. Today, ...

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