Victorian Pumping Stations


Pumping stations contributed to the provision of clean drinking water and sewage improvements, which led to major advances in public health, following the typhoid and cholera epidemics of the early Victorian era, which were caused by contamination of water supplies. Many of the pumping stations built around Britain at this time were designed by civil engineer Thomas Hawksley (1807-1893). His first was in Nottingham, being the first permanent supply of water under pressure to a large urban area. Hawksley contributed to the Royal Commission inquiry into the State of Large Towns and Populous Districts (1844-1845) which led to better sanitation and living conditions. As well as their important function, the Gothic-style pumping stations are architecturally notable, and many are now listed buildings. There are many surviving examples of Hawksley's pumping stations, some still in operation. Examples in the North East of England are Ryhope Pumping Station (II* listed and now a museum), Cleadon Water Tower (the remaining part of a pumping station), Dalton Pumping Station, and Fulwell Pumping Station.
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Ryhope Pumping Station

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Thomas Hawksley (1807-1893)
- "Hawksley was the son of a worsted manufacturer in Arnold. In 1800 his father used the steam engine at his mill to grind corn, which he then handed over to ...

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Peter Smith
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Dalton Pumping Station, Cold Hesledon

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Dalton Pumping Station - 53

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Fulwell Pumping Station, Sunderland

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Cleadon Water Tower

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Ryhope Pumping Station

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Ryhope Engines Museum
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Ryhope Engines Museum
- Overview About Ryhope Engines Museum Map Street View Ryhope Pumping Station was built in 1868 for the Sunderland & South Shields Water Company, to supply water to the Sunderland area. The ...
Fulwell Pumping Station
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Fulwell Pumping Station
- Overview Map Fulwell Pumping Station was built in 1853, designed by Thomas Hawksley. The water pumping station is located to the north of Fulwell, near Cut Throat Dean, which marks ...
Dalton Pumping Station
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Dalton Pumping Station
- Overview Map Street View Dalton Water Pumping Station was built 1873-1879 by Thomas Hawksley in Venetian Gothic Revival style.[1] It is located in Cold Hesledon, near Dalton-le-Dale. The engine house ...
Cleadon Water Tower
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Cleadon Water Tower
- Overview Detail Map Street View Cleadon Water Tower is a prominent landmark based on the Cleadon Hills. The chimney was for a Victorian steam-powered pumping station, built 1860 to 1862 ...
Cholera
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Cholera
- Cholera is caused by infection with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It can result in diarrhoea and can rapidly lead to severe dehydration and death. History: Cholera became a worldwide problem ...
Great Cholera Epidemic of 1831-2
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Great Cholera Epidemic of 1831-2
- "In December 1831 the cholera commenced its ravages in Newcastle and Gateshead from which time up to March 1832 it had carried away 511 persons. The two towns were again ...

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