Monkwearmouth Railway Bridge


 

Monkwearmouth Railway Bridge (officially Monkwearmouth Bridge, also called Wearmouth Railway Bridge or Sunderland Railway Bridge) is a railway bridge built in 1879, crossing the River Wear at Sunderland and Monkwearmouth. The bridge lies adjacent to and upstream of the Wearmouth Road Bridge.

Originally built as part of the Monkwearmouth Junction Line, it provided the first direct railway link between Newcastle and Sunderland. The bridge is now used by Tyne and Wear Metro and Durham Coast Line services.

History and design

The bridge was built as part of the infrastructure for the Monkwearmouth Junction Line, which opened in 1879; a connecting line across the River Wear to link line of the former Brandling Junction Railway at Monkwearmouth to the south bank at Sunderland and the line of the former Durham and Sunderland Railway.

The bridge was designed by T.E. Harrison: it consisted of a main span, an iron bowstring bridge, constructed from box girders connected by a Vierendeel truss with curved corner strengthening to create elliptical voids in the bracing. The iron bridge was supported above high water level on the Wear. At either end of the bridge were three span masonry arches. Hawks, Crawshay and Sons built the ironwork, John Waddell was contractor for the stonework. At the time of its construction it was claimed to be the largest hogsback iron bridge in the world.

The structure was grade II listed in 1978, planning consent was required for alterations to the structure circa 2000 for works relating to Metro construction: for the installation of overhead line electrification; and for the construction of a station (St Peter's Metro station), constructed on the northern approach viaduct of the bridge. In 2007 the bridge underwent repairs and strengthening, including the installation of 45 new transverse beams.

Use

The bridge and railway allowed trains to run directly from Newcastle to Hartlepool, by creating a through line from Newcastle to Sunderland.

Since 2002, the bridge has also carried the Tyne and Wear Metro. It is part of the modern (2012) Durham Coast Line.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 14/01/2019).
Visit the page: Monkwearmouth Railway Bridge for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.

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Monkwearmouth Railway Bridge, Sunderland

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Bridges over the Wear

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Wear Bridge (rail)

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from Geograph (geograph)
Sunderland Bridges

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Monkwearmouth railway bridge

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from https://historicengland.org...
MONKWEARMOUTH RAILWAY BRIDGE OVER RIVER WEAR WITH VIADUCT TO NORTH - List Entry
- "Railway bridge and viaduct to north. 1879. For Monkwearmouth Junction Railway of North Eastern Railway Company. Engineer Thomas Harrison. Wrought-iron arch, rock-faced abutments with ashlar dressings.....Built to link former ...

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Simon Cotterill
from https://commons.wikimedia.o...
Bridge over the River Wear c.1880
- Image from The North Eastern Railway; its rise and development Year:1915 Author: Tomlinson, William Weaver, 1858-1916. Public Domain Image c/o Wikimedia Commons

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from https://commons.wikimedia.o...
Wearmouth Bridge, Sunderland
- The Wearmouth Bridge is a through arch bridge across the River Wear in Sunderland. Photo by Sandra, 3 June 2006, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license ...

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from Sunderland Public Libraries (flickr)
Bridges c1902

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from Youtube (youtube)
Wearmouth Bridge Phantom Drone Footage

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from Sunderland Public Libraries (flickr)
Wearmouth and Railway Bridges 1900

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Bridges across the Wear

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