Hetton-le-Hole


Hetton-le-Hole is a town and civil parish within the City of Sunderland. The town is located about a quarter mile south-east of Houghton-le-Spring and immediately north-west of Easington Lane. Hetton-le-Hole existed as a medieval manor, and can be traced back at least as far as the 12th century. However, it was in the early 19th century when the town grew rapidly, after Hetton Colliery was established in 1822, along with the colliery railway, built by George Stephenson. Some of Hetton's mining heritage lives on at Beamish - 12 former mining cottages from Francis Street and Hetton Silver Band Hall were dismantled and then carefully rebuilt at the open air museum.

Hetton-le-Hole is a town and civil parish situated in the City of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear, England. Historically in County Durham, it is on the A182 between Houghton-le-Spring and Easington Lane, at the southwest corner of Sunderland, off the A690 and close to the A1(M). It has a population of 14,402 including the village of Easington Lane and Warden Law.

The civil parish includes Hetton proper, along with East Rainton, Middle Rainton (but not West Rainton which is a separate parish), Low Moorsley, High Moorsley and Easington Lane. South Hetton is a separate parish.

Great Eppleton Wind Farm, a wind farm originally of four dual-bladed alternators, provides electricity to the National Grid. The original wind turbines have been replaced by larger three-bladed versions. The turbines are far enough away from local houses not to cause any audible disturbance.

History

The history of the Hetton area can be traced back for up to a thousand years. The name of Hetton-le-Hole derives from two Anglo-Saxon words which were spelt together "Heppedune", meaning Bramble Hill. The name was adopted by a local landowning family, the le Hepdons, who owned part of the Manor. The ancient manor, which was bounded by that of Elemore, was divided into two parts known as Hetton-on-the-Hill and Hetton-in-the-Hole. The latter, a more sheltered vicinity, was where the village arose. Records exist of the many holders of the manor back to the 14th century. William de Hepdon held half the Manor by deed in 1363; and in 1380, William de Dalden held the other half. Even earlier charters go back to 1187 and mention the early village of Heppedune, its people, houses, crofts, oxgangs and strips of land for the villagers in the three great fields around the settlement. In 1187 Bertram de Heppedune held the manor for the King; other de Hepdons were his descendants.

Coal has been mined in the surrounding area since Roman times. Coal was then obtained by drift mining, but by the 14th century shafts were used. In 1819 the Hetton Coal Company was formed and the first shaft was sunk a year later. It was a highly controversial undertaking, with geologists doubtful as to whether coal of any value existed there. The Hetton Coal Company's owners also decided to build a wagonway from their new Hetton colliery to the River Wear at Sunderland. George Stephenson was hired to build the line. The trains were powered by gravity down the inclines and by locomotives for its level and upward stretches. It was the first railway to use no animal power at all. These methods were used until 1959, as was some of the original machinery. These activities led to a rapid increase in the size of Hetton and over 200 houses for the miners were built at once. These have all but gone now, but twelve of these former mining cottages from Francis Street in the Hetton Downs area of the town were re-erected stone by stone at Beamish Open Air Museum, Stanley, near Chester-le-Street. The UK miners' strike (1984–1985) brought about hardship for many of the workers. Two local unsigned bands (The Pigeon Fanciers & Haswell Crisis) recorded and released a single to raise money for the families and to recognise the contribution made by miners over the years in their locality. Their adapted version of a Bob Dylan classic failed to chart, but the project made a slight profit as local support from other mining communities ensured that 'Knocking on Hetton's Floor' sold in excess of 1000 copies.

Today, nothing now exists of the mine in Hetton. The former mine complex has disappeared and spoil tips have been removed, although some remain in nearby Haswell. The surrounding area has been landscaped and is now occupied by a lake and leisure facilities. There is also a quarry where sand is mined. This is now undergoing a reformation; around 15% of it has been smoothed and grassed over.

The decommissioned St Nicholas' Church in Front Street was destroyed in November 2006. It is unknown if arson was the cause of the fire. It had previously been listed due to its architectural significance.

Notable people

Sport

  • Allan Ball, former footballer, now honorary director of Queen of the South
  • Ralph Coates, former football player (Burnley and Tottenham Hotspur )
  • Bob Paisley, former football player and manager (Liverpool)
  • Harry Potts, former football player and manager (Burnley)
  • Bryan "Pop" Robson, former footballer (Sunderland and Newcastle United)
  • Bobby Cram, former footballer (West Bromwich Albion and Colchester United)

Music

  • Trevor Horn, record producer and recording artist
  • Albert H. Oswald (1879-1929), composer of light music
Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 24/11/2017).
Visit the page: Hetton-le-Hole for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.

from Beamish (flickr)
Hetton Band Hall Reconstruction - April 2013

source Pinned by
Simon Cotterill
from Beamish (flickr)
Hetton Silver Band - Archive Photos

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Simon Cotterill
from Beamish (flickr)
Hetton Silver Band - Archive Photos

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Simon Cotterill
from Beamish (flickr)
Hetton Silver Band - Archive Photos

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Simon Cotterill
from Beamish (flickr)
Hetton Silver Band - Archive Photos

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Simon Cotterill
from Beamish (flickr)
Mr. K. Pattison receiving the Daily Herald Trophy at Belle Vue, Manchester in 1947, on behalf of Hetton Silver Prize Band.

source Pinned by
Simon Cotterill
from Beamish (flickr)
Members of the Hetton Lodge of the Durham Miners Association posing with their banner

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Simon Cotterill
from TWAM (flickr)
Caroline Street railway crossing, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from TWAM (flickr)
Four Lane Ends, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from TWAM (flickr)
Collecting scrap at Hetton Station Goods Yard

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Hetton Library, Blue plaque

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Hetton-Le-Hole Sign, Moorsley Road

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Hetton School

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
North Road, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Fairy Street, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Pond at Hetton Lyons Country Park

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Marker Post, Hetton-Le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Former smithy on North Road, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Former Railway Building

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Terraced housing, Station Road, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The Fox & Hounds, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Eppleton Terrace, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Hetton Silver Band

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Shops Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The Colliery Inn, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Hetton-le-Hole: site of former station

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Allotments off Downpit Lane

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Former smithy on North Road, Hetton-le-Hole, Sign

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Former smithy on North Road, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Colliery Inn, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
G Whitfield Pharmacy, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Hetton Town Health and Boxing Club, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Houghton Road, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Hetton Lyons Country Park

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Byer Street, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Seating to overlook landscaped area around Hetton Burn

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The Downs, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Looking down Market Street, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Lindsay Street, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Hetton Downs Estate, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Downs Pit Lane, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Empty road, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Abandoned housing, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Bridge over Rough Dene Burn, Houghton-le-Spring

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Bridge over Rough Dene Burn, Houghton-le-Spring

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Byer Street, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Allotments at Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Blossom Street, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Housing, Hetton Downs

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The Lyons Tavern, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Station Road, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The New Inn at Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Rail Stockyard

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Hetton Lyon Industrial Estate

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The New Inn, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The Lyons Tavern, Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Four Lane Ends Roundabout

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Rail Stockyard

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
House in Hetton-le-Hole

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Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Aged Miners' homes Hetton Le Hole

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Simon Cotterill
  from Simon Cotterill (Co-Curate Page)
Houghton-le-Spring
  from Simon Cotterill (Co-Curate Page)
Easington Lane
- Overview About Easington Lane Map Street View Easington Lane is a village located between Houghton-le-Spring and Easington Village, and is the southernmost point of the City of Sunderland. Easington Lane ...
from Flickr (flickr)
The Victory, Hetton-le-Hole, County Durham

source Pinned by
Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
The Bob Paisley Bar, Hetton-le-Hole, County Durham

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Pat Thomson
from Youtube (youtube)
Hidden Houghton - Hetton Lyons

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Splat
from Youtube (youtube)
Mining History in Hetton-le-hole

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Splat
from Youtube (youtube)
HETTON LE HOLE THE GUD OLD DAYS

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from Youtube (youtube)
Jan 2016

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Splat

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