Hetton Lyons Colliery (1822 - 1950)
Hetton Lyons Colliery was opened in 1822 by Hetton Coal Co. (later Lambton, Hetton & Joicey Collieries Ltd.). The Hetton Colliery Railway was developed by George Stephenson to transport coal from the colliery to Sunderland. At it's peak in 1921, Hetton Lyons Colliery employed 1,070 people (705 working below ground, 365 on the surface). The colliery closed on the 11th of July, 1950 with the loss of 441 jobs.