Topics > County Durham > Civil Parishes in County Durham > Lunedale Civil Parish

Lunedale Civil Parish

About the Parish

Lunedale is a rural parish located in the south-west of County Durham, bordering Cumbria.

Main Settlements: Bowbank, Grassholme, Laithkirk, Thringarth, West Pasture

187  (2011 census)

170  (2001 Census)

Area: 115 km²
Parish Council: Lunedale Parish Council
Unitary Authority: Durham County Council


Ancient Township:

Lunedale Township

Townships became civil parishes in their own right in 1866 (see below).

Ancient Parish:

Romaldkirk Parish  (St Romald)

Ancient parishes refer to the parishes before the split between ecclesiastical (church) and civil parishes in the 19th century. They had a parish church and often were composed of multiple townships and chapelries. In many cases, townships and parishes were originally based on the territory of manors from the feudal system during medieval times. Civil parishes were created following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1866, in which Church of England parishes, extra-parochial areas, townships and chapelries, became "civil parishes" which could set their own poor rate (tax). Then the reforms of Local Government Act 1894 established elected civil parish councils (or parish meetings for parishes with less than 300 residents) and created urban and rural districts. Boundaries of parishes and civil parishes may have changed over time.

Poor Law Union:

Teesdale Poor Law Union, formed in 1837.

Teesdale Union Workhouse was located at Barnard Castle. 

Under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 parishes were grouped into Unions, each of which had to build a workhouse if they did not already have one. It ended the old system of locally provided poor relief which had come under strain as numbers out of work grew, following increasing mechanisation of agriculture and the economic downturn after the Napoleonic Wars, along with changing social attitudes. The workhouse provided those unable to support themselves financially with accommodation and work. Inmates were generally segregated into men, women, boys and girls. 

The workhouse system was abolished by the Local Government Act 1929, but many workhouses lived on as 'Public Assistance Institutions' until the National Assistance Act 1948.


North Riding of Yorkshire

Transferred to County Durham on the 1st of April 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972.

District Council:

Startforth Rural District (part of the North Riding of Yorkshire), formed in 1894. The district was abolished and transferred to County Durham in 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972.

Teesdale District (County Durham) from 1974 to 2009.

The district council was abolished when County Durham became a unitary authority on the 1st of April 2009.

See also: Historic Buildings and Monuments in Lunedale Civil Parish Note: listed buildings are generally the responsibility of the county council, rather than the parish council.

Civil Parishes in County Durham Laithkirk River Lune (County Durham) Bowbank Grassholme Historic Buildings and Monuments in Lunedale Lunedale Township, 1848
Lunedale Parish Council

Added by
Peter Smith
  Co-Curate Page
- Overview Map Street View Grassholme is a hamlet in County Durham, located about 8 miles north-west of Barnard Castle and 4 miles south-east of Middleton-in-Teesdale. It is located along the …
River Lune (County Durham)
  Co-Curate Page
River Lune (County Durham)
- The Lune is a river in County Durham which is a tributary to the River Tees. The Lune rises close to Lune Head Farm at the confluence of Lune Head …
  Co-Curate Page
- Bowbank is a hamlet in County Durham located in Lunedale off the B6276, near Middleton-in-Teesdale and Mickleton.
  Co-Curate Page
- Laithkirk is a hamlet in County Durham. Historically it was part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, and was transfered to County Durham in 1974 as part of local government …


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