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Gateshead Millennium Bridge


The Gateshead Millennium Bridge is a pedestrian and cycle bridge over the River Tyne. It connects Newcastle Quayside with the Gateshead Quays arts quarter by the SAGE and the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art. The bridge pivots upwards like an eyelid, slowly opening to form an arch for ships to pass under, with a 25m clearance, which is the same clearance as the Tyne Bridge. At night, the bridge is illuminated with a light show of changing colours. The bridge was designed by Wilkinson Eyre Architects and was opened to the public on the 17th September 2001, before the formal opening by Queen Elizabeth II on 7th May 2002. 

The Gateshead Millennium Bridge is a pedestrian and cyclist tilt bridge spanning the River Tyne in England between Gateshead's Quays arts quarter on the south bank, and the Quayside of Newcastle upon Tyne on the north bank. Opened for public use in 2001, the award-winning structure was conceived and designed by architect WilkinsonEyre and structural engineer Gifford. The bridge is sometimes referred to as the 'Blinking Eye Bridge' or the 'Winking Eye Bridge' due to its shape and its tilting method. In terms of height, the Gateshead Millennium Bridge is slightly shorter than the neighbouring Tyne Bridge, and stands as the sixteenth tallest structure in the city.

Design

The bridge was lifted into place in one piece by the Asian Hercules II, one of the world's largest floating cranes, on 20 November 2000. It was opened to the public on 17 September 2001, and was dedicated by Queen Elizabeth II on 7 May 2002. The bridge, which cost £22m to build, was part funded by the Millennium Commission and European Regional Development Fund. It was built by Volker Stevin.

Six diameter hydraulic rams (three on each side, each powered by a 55 kW electric motor) rotate the bridge back on large bearings to allow small ships and boats (up to tall) to pass underneath. The bridge takes as little as 4.5 minutes to rotate through the full 40° from closed to open, depending on wind speed. Its appearance during this manoeuvre has led to it being nicknamed the "Blinking Eye Bridge". The design is so energy efficient it costs just £3.60 each time it opens.

The bridge has operated reliably since construction, opening to allow river traffic to pass. It also opens periodically for sightseers and for major events such as the Northumbrian Water University Boat Race and the Cutty Sark Tall Ships' Race. One of the principal requirements for opening the bridge is to allow access to HMS Calliope where Royal Navy patrol boat HMS Example is based.

For the construction of the bridge, the architect WilkinsonEyre won the 2002 Royal Institute of British Architects Stirling Prize and Gifford the 2003 IStructE Supreme Award.

In 2005, the bridge received the Outstanding Structure Award from the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering.

Bollards were installed when the bridge was built to protect it from collisions. As the bollards were unsightly, and as it became noted that they were not really needed, they were removed in March 2012.

Tilt times for the bridge are displayed both on the bridge itself, and also on a page on the Gateshead Council website.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 10/04/2017).
Visit the page: Gateshead Millennium Bridge for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.
Bridges of the Quayside Gateshead Quays Newcastle Quayside River Tyne Bridges 2001 Opening of the Gateshead Millennium Bridge 2001
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
071261:Millenium Bridge Gateshead Ermel T. 2002

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from Flickr (flickr)
Millennium Bridge, Gateshead

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Timelapse of Gateshead Millennium Bridge

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from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
070457:Millennium Bridge Gateshead unknown 2001

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Day or Night?

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Millenium Bridge opening

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Hercules carrying the Gateshead Millenium Bridge

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Gateshead Millennium Bridge tilting

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Blink

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Gateshead Millennium Bridge

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Gateshead Millennium Bridge at Night

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from Geograph (geograph)
Millennium Bridge at night

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Gateshead Millennium Bridge

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Millennium Bridge (Newcastle to Gateshead)

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Gateshead Millennium Bridge, linking Gateshead and Newcastle

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The Millennium Bridge in the Tilted Position

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Tyne bridges and the Sage

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Newcastle City Marina and Gateshead Millennium Bridge

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Millennium footbridge & Sage Centre from the North bank of the Tyne

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Millennium Bridge, Tyne & Wear

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Millennium Bridge, North Pier

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Millennium Bridge

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from https://sitelines.newcastle...
Tyne and Wear HER(10865): Millennium Bridge
- "The Gateshead Millenium Bridge was designed by Wilkinson Eyre Architects with Gifford and Partners as engineers. It links Newcastle Quayside with the new arts and cultural area at Gateshead Quays ...

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Newcastle's millenium bridge FAST

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Opening of the Gateshead Millennium Bridge 2001
  Co-Curate Page
Opening of the Gateshead Millennium Bridge 2001
- The cycle and pedestrain tilt bridge was opened to the public on the 17th September 2001 and the official opening by Queen Elizabeth II was on 7th May 2002.
from http://www.gateshead.gov.uk...
The Gateshead Millennium Bridge
- Includes facts about the bridge, tiltiing times etc.

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Millenium Bridge 4k

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St. Mary's Cathedral, Clayton Street West, NE1 - stained glass window (detail)

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Tyne & Wear HER: 10865
Grid ref: NZ25726397

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