Topics > Civil Parishes in Cumbria > Castle Sowerby Civil Parish

Castle Sowerby Civil Parish

Parish boundaries may have changed - for the latest map see the Parish Council or Westmorland & Furness Council.

About the Parish

Castle Sowerby is a rural civi parish, located about 8 miles north-west of Penrith, in the (former) Eden district of Cumbria.

Main Settlements:

How Hill, Millhouse, Newlands, Sour Nook, Southernby and Sowerby Row, and several farms including Bustabeck


336  (2021 Census)

344  (2011 Census)

337  (2001 Census)

Area: 29.7 km2
Parish Council: Castle Sowerby Parish Council
Unitary Authority: Westmorland & Furness Council
Ceremonial County: Cumbria


Ancient Parish:

Castle Sowerby (St. Kentigern)

The ancient parish covered a wider geographical area compared with the modern civil parish. The ancient parish included the townships of:

Ancient parishes refer to the parishes before the split between ecclesiastical (church) and civil parishes in the 19th century. They had a parish church and often were composed of multiple townships and chapelries. In many cases, townships and parishes were originally based on the territory of manors from the feudal system during medieval times. Civil parishes were created following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1866, in which Church of England parishes, extra-parochial areas, townships and chapelries, became "civil parishes" which could set their own poor rate (tax). Then the reforms of Local Government Act 1894 established elected civil parish councils (or parish meetings for parishes with less than 300 residents) and created urban and rural districts. Boundaries of parishes and civil parishes may have changed over time.

Ancient District:

Leath (ward)

Poor Law Union:

Penrith Poor Law Union, formed in 1836.

Penrith Union Workhouse was located by Greystoke Road, opening in 1838. This replaced smaller existing workhouses in Penrith (Middlegate), Ainstable and Heskett.

Under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 parishes were grouped into Unions, each of which had to build a workhouse if they did not already have one. It ended the old system of locally provided poor relief which had come under strain as numbers out of work grew, following increasing mechanisation of agriculture and the economic downturn after the Napoleonic Wars, along with changing social attitudes. The workhouse provided those unable to support themselves financially with accommodation and work. Inmates were generally segregated into men, women, boys and girls. 

The workhouse system was abolished by the Local Government Act 1929, but many workhouses lived on as ‘Public Assistance Institutions’ until the National Assistance Act 1948.


Cumberland, until 1974, then:

Cumbria, which was created on the 1st of April 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972. The new county absorbed Cumberland and Westmorland, and added some parts of Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire.

Cumbria County Council was abolished in 2023 and replaced by 2 new Unitary authorities. Cumbria remains a ceremonial county; retaining ceremonial boundary and the roles and responsibilities of the Lord Lieutenant and High Sheriff of Cumbria - based on 'The Cumbria (Structural Changes) Order 2022'.

District Council:

Penrith Rural District (1894 - 1974)

Eden District (1974 - 2023)  Created by the Local Government Act 1972. Eden District was formed from an amalgamation of Penrith Urban District, Alston with Garrigill Rural District and Penrith Rural District (Cumberland), and Appleby Municipal Borough, part of Lakes Urban District and North Westmorland Rural District (Westmorland).

Eden and the 5 other district councils of Cumbria, along with the county council, were abolished as part of local government reorganisation in 2023; and replaced by two unitary authorities on 1st April 2023.

Unitary Authority:

Westmorland & Furness Council was created on the 1st April 2023.

See also:  Historic Buildings and Monuments in Castle Sowerby Civil Parish. Note: listed buildings are generally the responsibility of the county council / unitary authority, rather than the parish council.

Civil Parishes in Cumbria Southernby Sowerby Row Sour Nook Millhouse, Castle Sowerby Newlands, Castle Sowerby How Hill, Castle Sowerby Bustabeck Castle Sowerby, 1848 Church of St Kentigern, Castle Sowerby Historic Buildings and Monuments in Castle Sowerby Civil Parish
Sowerby Row
  Co-Curate Page
Sowerby Row
- Overview Map Street View Sowerby Row is a hamlet in the Eden district of Cumbria, located about 10 miles north-west of Penrith. ROW-BOUND, a township, in the parish of Castle-Sowerby, …
  Co-Curate Page
- Overview Map Street View Southernby is a hamlet in the Eden district of Cumbria, located abouy 10½ miles north-west of Penrith and 1½ miles north-east of the village of Hesket …
Castle Sowerby Parish
- Castle Sowerby Parish Website - including documents of the Parish Council.

Added by
Simon Cotterill
Sour Nook
  Co-Curate Page
Sour Nook
- Overview Map Street View Sour Nook is a hamlet in the Eden district of Cumbria, located about 11 miles north-west of Penrith. The settlement is located on the B5305 road …
Millhouse, Castle Sowerby
  Co-Curate Page
Millhouse, Castle Sowerby
- Overview Map Street View  
Newlands, Castle Sowerby
  Co-Curate Page
Newlands, Castle Sowerby
- Overview Map Street View  
How Hill, Castle Sowerby
  Co-Curate Page
How Hill, Castle Sowerby
- Overview Map Street View  


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Co-Curate is a project which brings together online collections, museums, universities, schools and community groups to make and re-make stories and images from North East England and Cumbria. Co-Curate is a trans-disciplinary project that will open up 'official' museum and 'un-officia'l co-created community-based collections and archives through innovative collaborative approaches using social media and open archives/data.