Burgh By Sands


Burgh by Sands is a village in Cumbria, located near the Solway Firth, and about 4 miles north-west of Carlsile. St Michael's Church in Burgh by Sands dates from the 12th century. The village was also on Hadrian's Wall and about a mile to the north of the village, on Brurgh Marsh is a monument to King Edward I who died there in 1307.

Burgh by Sands ( "Brough") is a village and civil parish in the City of Carlisle district of Cumbria, England, situated near the Solway Firth. The parish includes the village of Burgh by Sands along with Longburgh, Dykesfield, Boustead Hill, Moorhouse and Thurstonfield. It is notable as the place where Edward I of England died.

According to the 2011 census the parish had a population of 1,176. The village is about seven miles (11 km) west of Carlisle city centre. The village has a primary school, a pub and a post office. It also has a statue of Edward I at some distance to the north. Burgh was on the Carlisle Navigation canal from 1823 to 1853, after which it was served by the Port Carlisle railway, which was built on the bed of the canal, until its closure in 1932. From 1856 to 1964, railway trains operating on the Carlisle to Silloth line once again stopped at Burgh-by-sands station.

Etymology

Burgh is "doubtless so named from the 'burh' or fort on Hadrian's Wall which ended here." ('Burh' is Old English for 'fortified place', 'town' or 'manor house').

History

Hadrian's Wall runs through the village, and the site once was that of a Roman fort, Aballava. It is also the death-place of Edward I of England

Feudal barony

In the 12th century, the castle and lands of Burgh by Sands belonged to a female-dominated line of feudal barons, among them Ada de Engaine. Her granddaughter's second marriage founded a younger branch of the de Multon family, a branch of which held this castle in the 13th century. In the 14th century the Dacre family inherited it by marriage to the heiress. King Edward I, while on his way to war against the Scots, died on the marshes near Burgh, and his corpse lay at the village's 12th-century church until its eventual removal to Westminster Abbey. There is an impressive monument on the marshes erected in 1685 to mark the place where he died. It is 1 miles NNW of the village, is signposted and can be reached on foot.

St Michael's Church

The Church of St Michael is built with stone from the Roman wall on the site of a Norman church. It has a broad tower with a base dating from the mid 14th Century, and apart from the 18th century east windows, the rest is Early English. The tower, which can only be reached from within the church, is designed for defence and the ground floor is tunnel-vaulted. The top of the tower is probably 18th century.

Governance

The Parish falls in the electoral ward of Burgh. This wards stretches beyond the boundaries of Burgh by Sands with a total population taken at the 2011 Census of 2,117.

Transport

Public transport currently consists of a bus service from Carlisle five times daily run by Stagecoach.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 02/09/2018).
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Burgh-by-Sands Station

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Station Road, Burgh by Sands

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Burgh by Sands School

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St Michael's Church

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The King Edward I Monument, Burgh Marsh

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from https://historicengland.org...
Hadrian's Wall between Fulwood House at Burgh by Sands and Burgh Marsh in wall miles 72 and 73
- "...The monument includes the section of Hadrian's Wall and its associated features between Fulwood House at Burgh by Sands in the east and Burgh Marsh in the west. Hadrian ...

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Burgh by Sands Roman fort, Beaumont camp, Burgh Castle and Hadrian's Wall from boundary west of churchyard, Beaumont to Burgh Head in wall miles 70 and 71
- "...The monument includes Hadrian's Wall and its associated features between the field boundary at the west side of the churchyard belonging to St Mary's Church at Beaumont in ...

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Wall Miles 71 to 72

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Burgh-by-Sands fort

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Burgh by Sands

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Wall Mile 73

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The former Vicarage Burgh by Sands

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St Michael's Church, Burgh by Sands

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