Arthur Munro Sutherland (1867 - 1953)


Sir Arthur Munro Sutherland, originally of Hethpool House near Kirknewton, Northumberland, was born on the 2nd October 1867. His father was a shipping merchant, and Arthur went on to develop his own successful cargo shipping business. He later served as Sheriff of Newcastle (1916–17) and as Lord Mayor of Newcastle (1918–19). Sutherland was a generous philanthropist; he gave Dunstanburgh Castle to the nation in 1929. In 1936 he donated £200,000 to establish a medical school in Newcastle, at the newly named King's College , which was formed by the merger of Armstrong College and Durham University College of Medicine, and later became part of Newcastle University. He later also donated £50,000 to further develop the dental school, founded in 1895. He served as High Sheriff of Northumberland in 1943. Sutherland died on the 29th March, 1953; and had bequeathed his home, Thurso House to the city of Newcastle for use as the new Mansion House.[1]

Sir Arthur Munro Sutherland, 1st Baronet, KBE (2 October 1867 – 29 March 1953), of Hethpool House, Kirknewton, Northumberland, was an English shipowner and philanthropist.

Sutherland was the son of Benjamin John Sutherland, a shipping merchant of Thurso House, Newcastle upon Tyne. He was educated at the Royal Grammar School, Newcastle and in 1884 joined the shipbrokers Lindsay, Gracie & Co as a clerk. He left to open a steamer department in his father's firm, later turning it into a successful cargo shipping business, B. J. Sutherland & Co. He was chairman of that firm and several other shipping operators.

In 1910 Sutherland was elected to Newcastle City Council and served as Sheriff of Newcastle in 1916–1917 and Lord Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1918–1919. He was also a Justice of the Peace for the city for many years and chairman of the governors of his old school, to which he donated considerable sums of money. In 1936, the Durham University College of Medicine and Armstrong College were about to merge to form King's College in the University of Durham and he donated £200,000 to establish a new medical school at the newly named King's College, Newcastle upon Tyne, now the equivalent to £6 million. Later he gave £50,000 to develop the dental school which had been founded in 1895, which was named the Sutherland Dental School in his honour, and afterwards used his coat of arms and motto Sans Peur (Fearless) as its badge. He served as High Sheriff of Northumberland in 1943.

In 1943 Sutherland, a director of the Blyth Dry Docks and Shipbuilding Company, was charged alongside his friend and neighbour, Newcastle Alderman Robert Stanley Dalgleish, managing director of the company, with conspiring to bribe Admiralty official Charles James Butt. After a five-day trial at Leeds, Sutherland was found not guilty; Dalgleish and Butt were convicted and gaoled. Sutherland was the last private owner of Dunstanburgh Castle which he donated to the nation in 1929. He bequeathed his town house, Thurso House in Newcastle upon Tyne, to the city for use as the new Mansion House, after using it as a home to entertain lavish parties. Sutherland also owned many properties in London. He once owned Close House, Northumberland.

Sutherland was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in the 1920 civilian war honours for his services as Lord Mayor and created a baronet in the 1921 Birthday Honours.

Footnotes

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Sir Arthur Sutherland
- Whole-plate glass negative of Sir Arthur Sutherland, 1920, by Walter Stoneman. Image from National Portrait Gallery London, c/o Wikimedia Commons made available by ''Novos1899" under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share ...

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Arthur Sutherland
- "Sir Arthur Munro Sutherland, 1st Baronet, KBE (2 October 1867 – 29 March 1953), of Hethpool House, Kirknewton, Northumberland, was an English shipowner and philanthropist. Sutherland was the son of Benjamin ...

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Peter Smith
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Hethpool House
- Overview Map Street View Hethpool House was built in 1919 by Cahill of Alnwick. It incorporates masonry from a much earlier building of 1687.  The building is Grade II listed ...
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King George VI Building, Newcastle University
- Overview Map Street View The King George VI Building at Newcastle University was built 1936-1939, designed by P. Clive Newcombe and largely paid for by Sir Arthur Munro Sutherland. The ...
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The Mansion House, Fernwood Road, Jesmond
- Overview Map Street View The Mansion House on Fernwood Road in Jesmond is the official residence of the Lord Mayor of Newcastle. It was originally built in 1880 as two ...

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