Waitby


Waitby is a small village in the Eden district of Cumbria, located just over a mile west of Kirkby Stephen and 2 miles south-east of Cosby Garrett. To the east of Waitby, on the summit of Castle Hill, are the earthworks and buried remains of Waitby Castle, an enclosed Romano-British settlement thought to date back to the 2nd century AD.[1] There is also evidence of open field systems and the site of an medieval associated chapel at Waitby.[2] In 1680 a school was built by James Highmoor to educate poor children of Waitby and Smardale. The school was rebuilt in 1868, but had closed in c.1910. The old school building was used as village hall until abandoned in the 1950s; later it was converted for use as holiday accommodation.[3]

Waitby is a small village and civil parish in the Eden district of Cumbria, England. The parish contains two small villages, Waitby and Smardale, plus the small hamlets of Riddlesay, Stripes and Leases, all of which are in the farmed and enclosured northern part at an elevation of around 200–300m. The southern half of the parish is mostly heath and unused for agriculture, it rises to Smardale fell; which it includes, at elevations between 300 and 400m. The civil parish of Ravenstonedale forms the boundary to the south. The western border with Crosby Garrett civil parish is formed by Scandal Beck. To the north and east lie Soulby and Kirkby Stephen civil parishes respectively. The population of the civil parish as measured at the 2011 Census was less than 100. Details are included in the parish of Crosby Garrett.

Waitby Beck rises from springs to the north east of the Waitby, joining Sandwith Sike which flows into the River Eden. Other minor becks include Hazel Gill and Choup Gill both of which join Scandal Beck.

The Settle and Carlisle Railway passes through the parish, as did the South Durham and Lancashire Union Railway; both cross Scandal Beck by Smardale Viaduct and Smardalegill Viaducts respectively.

Etymology

Waitby (originally Watebi c.1170) means "wet farmstead" from the Old Norse vátr (wet) + by (farm. cf "byre") The village may have also been known as Wadeby or Waldeby; the alternative etymology "Waldeve's dwelling" has also been proposed.

Other features

Waitby Greenriggs nature reserve lies east of Waitby outside the parish boundary halfway to Kirkby Stephen at the former junction between the South Durham and Lancashire Union Railway (Stainmore railway) and the Eden Valley railway. It was purchased from British Rail in 1987 and is part of the Cumbria Wildlife Trust.

History

Waitby Castle

Waitby castle is a typical romano-British fortification built on top of a small hill. The banks ringing the roughly round enclosure are still visible as are the outlines of some inner buildings.

Waitby and Smardale school

Waitby and Smardale school was founded in 1630 as a free school for the children of the villages of Waitby and Smardale by James Highmoor, a London weaver born in Kirkby Stephen with the gift of £100 for its upkeep and to employ a schoolmaster. The school was rebuilt in 1867 by public subscription.

Now named Waitby School the building is a grade II listed building and has been converted into holiday accommodation.

There is also a football team in waitby called waitby fc

Other listed structures

Leases farmhouse (18th/19th century) and a nearby 19th century barn and boundary stone near Leases are grade II listed structures. The 18th century Wharton House and later threshing barn in Waitby are also grade II listed buildings.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 22/02/2019).
Visit the page: Waitby for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.

from Geograph (geograph)
Waitby

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Road junction at Waitby

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from Geograph (geograph)
Waitby School

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from Geograph (geograph)
Bridge over dismantled railway, Waitby Greenriggs

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from Geograph (geograph)
Fly Orchid (Ophrys insectifera)

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from Geograph (geograph)
Globe Flowers, Waitby Greenriggs NR

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from Geograph (geograph)
Bridge carrying the Settle To Carlisle Railway

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from Geograph (geograph)
Waitby Crossing

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from Geograph (geograph)
Waitby Common

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from https://historicengland.org...
Waitby Castle enclosed Romano-British settlement and part of a medieval dyke
- "...The monument includes the earthworks and buried remains of Waitby Castle enclosed Romano-British settlement together with a length of medieval dyke. Waitby Castle is an oval-shaped hilltop enclosure situated on ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from https://historicengland.org...
Waitby medieval village, part of associated open field system, and site of an associated chapel - List Entry
- "....The monument includes the earthworks and buried remains of the northern and western parts of Waitby medieval village together with two separate areas of its associated medieval open field system ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from https://historicengland.org...
WAITBY AND SMARDALE SCHOOL
- "School, now store. Dated 1867, and built to replace a school established in 1660, now with minor C20 alterations. Rubble stone walling with quoins, and dressings to openings. ....Inscribed tablet ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from https://historicengland.org...
WAITBY FARMHOUSE - List Entry
- "House with 1690 datestone, but probably largely C18. Rendered rubble. Graduated slate roofs with kneelers; mid and east-end stone chimneys. Double pile plan of 2 storeys and 5 (irregular) bays ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from https://www.cumbriacountyhi...
Waitby
- "Township in Kirkby Stephen parish, East ward, Westmorland. CP enlarged by absorbing Smardale CP 1894.....Population: in range 40-60 across 19th century, rising as result of railway construction to peak ...

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Simon Cotterill

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