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Murton


MURTON, EAST, a township, in the parish of Dalton-le-Dale, union of Easington, N. division of Easington ward and of the county of Durham, 8½ miles (E.N.E.) from Durham; containing 521 inhabitants. The manor and vill were the property of the family of Lumley from an early date to the reign of Elizabeth; the ancient tenure is uniformly described to be by homage and fealty, in free and common socage. The monks of Durham, also, at a remote period received a grant of a small portion of land here from Cendune, son of Walter de Morton. The South Hetton Company opened a valuable mine of coal in the township, in 1843, upon a scale unprecedented in the trade: during the progress of sinking through a quicksand, engine power to the extent of 1500 horses was in operation, and the principal seam of coal was found at a depth of 1,476 feet from the surface. The Durham and Sunderland railway passes through the township.

Extract from: A Topographical Dictionary of England comprising the several counties, cities, boroughs, corporate and market towns, parishes, and townships..... 7th Edition, by Samuel Lewis, London, 1848.

Murton is a village in County Durham, England. Lying six miles (9.7 km) east of the city of Durham and seven miles (11 km) south of Sunderland, it has a population of 4,534, increasing to 7,676 at the 2011 Census.

Originally a rural agricultural hamlet called Morton, the discovery of coal beneath its fields in the 19th century transformed it into an industrial community. 'Morton became known as Murton Colliery or Murton-in-the-Whins following the sinking of the pit in 1838 by South Hetton Coal Company, and the village was a productive coal mining community for over a century. The pit employed over 1000 men at its peak and featured in a Picture Post article showing the 'vesting' of the mine at nationalisation in 1947.

The village also had the South East Durham Cooperative Bakery and a Northern Bus Company garage as added sources of jobs. In 1955 a by product works for coal was established for the production mainly of coke. The mine and other employment opportunities closed in the 1990s along with many other County Durham mines and now the old spoil heaps are host to a retail outlet development Dalton Park, bringing much needed new employment.

History

The discovery of coal beneath the fields of East Durham during the 19th century, transformed the tiny hamlet of Morton into the thriving township of Murton.

Decades later, however, the decision to close Murton's successful colliery almost, but not quite, succeeded in turning the close-knit community into a ghost town. Millions of pounds in Government and private investment is now being pumped into Murton, changing the face of the former pit village on an almost daily basis.

Fewer than 100 people lived in the village of Murton before 1830 but, following the sinking of the mine in 1838, the population grew to 1,387 by 1851. Miners flocked to Murton from across County Durham and Northumberland in the early years, with people later uprooting from Devon, Cornwall and Ireland too. Many of the road and place names reflected the original roots of these pitmen, like the Cornwall estate, and dozens of different accents could be heard in the streets.

Work on the colliery – one of the pioneering mines of the East Durham coalfield, began on 19 February 1838 but it was five years before the first coals were drawn. Problems with pockets of shifting sand and the depth of the magnesium limestone overlying the coal delayed the work, making the project hugely expensive. Late shifts were even introduced for the first time, so that excavation could be carried out around the clock to finish the three-shafted pit as quickly as possible.

Just five years after the colliery opened, however, there was an explosion on 15 August 1848, near the Polka East shaft, which killed 14 miners. The tragedy left villagers shaken, but the village itself continued to flourish. Indeed, by 1856 Murton was almost unrecognisable from the hamlet it had once been. Scores of terraced houses had been built to house the miners and the village now boasted three pubs, a new school, plus gas and coke works. As prospective miners continued to flood in, so the number of tradesmen grew, with Murton Colliery Co-operative Society helping to serve the village by 1890.

As the village flourished, so too did the colliery. It was modernised after World War I and, in 1922, a Koepe friction winding engine was installed in the West Pit. New pithead baths followed in 1939, described as being "of especially pleasant design," and Murtons swimming pool was opened in 1961.

But, despite high productivity and a loyal workforce, the decision was taken to close the pit in 1991. Campaigners fought against the plans, but failed to stop them. The Koepe winding engine was transferred to the Bowes Railway following the controversial closure and, in 1994, the colliery's winding tower was demolished. Murton's once-thriving pit community was now no more.

Timeline

  • 1830: Population 69
  • 1838: Work on pit starts
  • 1843: First coals drawn
  • 1851: Population 1,395
  • 1889: Electricity first used in pit
  • 1892: Murton toll gates removed
  • 1902: Three putters killed in pit, two aged 14, one aged 18
  • 1906: Colliery draws 4,131 tons of coal in one day
  • 1910: Miners strike over Eight Hours Bill
  • 1913: Foundation stone laid for first council house
  • 1914: First public telephone for Murton, based in post office
  • 1922: Cenotaph unveiled
  • 1923: Coal drawn from West Pit for first time
  • 1927: Bus service to Sunderland introduced by Northern buses
  • 1930: First "talking pictures" at Murton Empire
  • 1931: Flush toilets put in colliery houses
  • 1935: Miners started carrying electric lamps
  • 1939: Pit head baths opened
  • 1950: X-ray van visited Murton for the first time
  • 1953: The first paid annual holiday leave of two weeks was introduced
  • 1957: A new library was opened in Barnes Road
  • 1958: Murton Brickworks closed
  • 1961: Murton's swimming pool was opened
  • 1982: First memorial service held to commemorate fatalities at Murton pit
  • 1990: Miners fought to keep the pit open
  • 1991: Murton Colliery was closed
  • 1994: Pit winding tower demolished, despite being listed

Old village streets and their nicknames

  • Owen Street: Sandgate Rar
  • Lancaster Street: Double Rar
  • Green Street: Smokey Rar
  • Railway Street: Red Tiled Rar
  • Villiers Street: Wood Rar
  • Durham Place: Sinkers Rar
  • Dalton Terrace: Pot Pie Rar
  • South Street: Plantation Rar
  • East Street: Cinder Burners Rar
  • Shipperdon Street: Ower the Field
  • Murton Street: Cross Rar
  • Old Pilgrim Street: Boiler Rar
  • New Pilgrim Street: Low Rar
  • Pilgrim Street: High Rar
  • Model Street: Wagon Rar

Governance

An electoral ward in the same name exists. This ward includes Dalton-le-Dale and surrounding areas and has a total population taken at the 2011 Census of 7,975.

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of County Durham at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added Agriculture Industry Services
1995 4,063 47 1,755 2,261
2000 4,783 40 1,840 2,904
2003 5,314 39 1,978 3,297

Climate

Like the rest of the United Kingdom, Murton has a temperate climate. At the average annual rainfall is lower than the national average of . Equally there are only around 121.3 days where more than of rain falls compared with a national average of 154.4 days. The area sees on average 1374.6 hours of sunshine per year, compared with a national average of 1125.0 hours. There is frost on 52 days compared with a national average of 55.6 days. Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures are compared with a national averages of respectively.

The table below gives the average temperature and rainfall figures taken between 1971 and 2000 at the Met Office weather station in Durham:

Climate data for Durham, elevation: 102 m (335 ft), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1850–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
17.4
(63.3)
21.7
(71.1)
24.1
(75.4)
27.8
(82.0)
30.6
(87.1)
33.6
(92.5)
32.5
(90.5)
30.0
(86.0)
25.0
(77.0)
19.4
(66.9)
15.9
(60.6)
33.6
(92.5)
Average high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.2
(45.0)
9.5
(49.1)
11.9
(53.4)
15.0
(59.0)
17.6
(63.7)
20.1
(68.2)
19.8
(67.6)
17.2
(63.0)
13.3
(55.9)
9.4
(48.9)
6.7
(44.1)
12.9
(55.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
4.1
(39.4)
5.9
(42.6)
7.8
(46.0)
10.6
(51.1)
13.3
(55.9)
15.6
(60.1)
15.4
(59.7)
13.1
(55.6)
9.8
(49.6)
6.4
(43.5)
3.9
(39.0)
9.1
(48.4)
Average low °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
0.9
(33.6)
2.3
(36.1)
3.7
(38.7)
6.1
(43.0)
9.0
(48.2)
11.1
(52.0)
11.0
(51.8)
9.0
(48.2)
6.3
(43.3)
3.4
(38.1)
1.1
(34.0)
5.4
(41.7)
Record low °C (°F) −17.2
(1.0)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−15.0
(5.0)
−11.1
(12.0)
−4.4
(24.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
1.1
(34.0)
0.6
(33.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
−5.5
(22.1)
−8.8
(16.2)
−16.6
(2.1)
−18.3
(−0.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 52.3
(2.06)
41.8
(1.65)
44.6
(1.76)
52.7
(2.07)
44.2
(1.74)
55.4
(2.18)
54.0
(2.13)
60.8
(2.39)
55.4
(2.18)
60.9
(2.40)
72.0
(2.83)
57.0
(2.24)
651.1
(25.63)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.4 9.3 9.7 9.5 9.2 9.7 9.0 9.6 9.3 11.3 12.3 11.7 122.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.6 80.3 115.5 150.3 181.7 164.8 172.3 167.3 134.5 102.8 66.4 51.2 1,445.4
Source 1: Met Office
Source 2: Durham Weather UK

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 21/11/2020).
Visit the page: Murton, County Durham for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.
County Durham Murton Civil Parish, County Durham Map and Aerial View Dalton-le-Dale Parish, 1848 Church of the Holy Trinity, Murton Map and Aerial View Memorial to William McNally Murton at War Murton Colliery (1843-1991) Ribbon Academy, Murton St. Joseph's RC Church, Murton War Memorial, Murton
from http://upload.wikimedia.org...
Woods Terrace, Murton, in around 1907

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
008531:Murton Working Men's Club 1904

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
008532:Murton Working Men's Club 1904

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
029413:Murton County Durham C.1905

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
Pithead wheel, Murton

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Geograph (geograph)
The Colliery Inn in Murton

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from http://ppparchive.durham.go...
Ladies Football Team - Murton
- "Photograph of eleven women in football strip, posed against a brick wall, with five men in suits; the women are wearing football shirts, shorts, socks, boots and hairnets; they have ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill

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