Kielder


 

Kielder Village is a small, remote village in western Northumberland, England. Located at the head of Kielder Water and in the north west of Kielder Forest, the village is 3 miles from the Scottish border.

History

Early settlement around Kielder Castle, a hunting lodge built by the Duke of Northumberland in 1775. Previous settlements were expanded in the 1950s by the Forestry Commission who constructed housing to accommodate the workers employed in the planting of Kielder Forest. Most of this housing has now been sold back to the private sector.

Governance

Kielder is in the parliamentary constituency of Hexham. Until 1 April 2009 it was within Tynedale local government district, but following local government restructing in Northumberland the county is now covered by a unitary authority, Northumberland County Council.

Geography

It is claimed that Kielder has the lowest level of light pollution in England – hence the construction nearby of Kielder Observatory.

Climate

As with the rest of the British Isles, Kielder experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. There is a Met Office weather station at Kielder Castle. Since 1960, reported temperatures have ranged from in January 1982, up to during August 2003.

Demography

The population of Kielder in 2001 was 207.

Economy

The economy of Kielder was based on forestry and is now also based on tourism. Prior to the 20th century the economy of Kielder was based on sheep farming. The use of the area as a hunting ground by the Dukes of Northumberland added an extra element to the area. Due to its location close to the border with Scotland, there was a black economy concerned with the smuggling of whisky from Scotland to England.

Forestry

The Forestry Act 1919 established the Forestry Commission with a purpose of forming a strategic reserve of timber for the country. The first plantings at Kielder were in 1926 when of coniferous trees were planted. A further were purchased in 1932 and today of forest are under Forestry Commission control.

Although timber production remains an integral part of the forestry operation, it also has the aims of encouraging the public to use the forest as an educational resource and to sustain and enhance wildlife conservation. Over 50% of the red squirrel population of England is now found in the forest.

Tourism

With the creation of Kielder Water in 1982 great strides have been taken to develop the area as a tourist destination with the establishment of facilities such as Leaplish Waterside Park by Northumbrian Water, which offers both accommodation and recreational facilities, the Kielder Observatory and various artworks in the landscape, such as the Kielder Skyspace.

Transport

Kielder was served by Kielder railway station on the Border Counties Railway which linked the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway, near Hexham, with the Border Union Railway at Riccarton Junction. The first section of the route was opened between Hexham and Chollerford in 1858, the remainder opening in 1862. The line was closed to passengers by British Railways in 1956.

The station building, now a private house, still stands here by the 'Station Garage'. The station was renamed Kielder Forest in 1948. The Kielder Reservoir now floods much of the route eastwards to Falstone, but a very fine castellated viaduct near Kielder Castle still stands. About half a mile east from here the line is obliterated as its route is now reservoir and some scouring and embankment removal has removed the traces of its course. Slightly further east its course would be below today's water level.

Education

The village is served by Kielder Community First School. In the academic year 2009–10 this has a roll of nine pupils aged 4 to 9. Children aged 9 to 13 attend Bellingham Middle School and from 13 to 18, Haydon Bridge High School. As the high school is a considerable distance away the option to board at the school exists.

Religious sites

Kielder lies within the Anglican parish of Falstone with Graystead & Thorneyburn.

Public services

Within the village there are a pub, a shop and sub post office and a YHA youth hostel.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 08/11/2016).
Visit the page: Kielder, Northumberland for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.
from NorthumberlandTV (youtube)
Kielder Festival of Lanterns

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Cottages at Kielder Water, Northumberland

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from Flickr (flickr)
Old Forestry Commission Van

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Kielder -- Kielder Marathon - 2010 -- Sun 17 Oct 2010 09-58-27 AM BST.jpg

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from Flickr (flickr)
The Kielder Borderer - 2009 -- Kielder Castle -- Sun 08 Mar 2009 10-57-31 AM GMT.jpg

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from http://communities.northumb...
Kielder - Northumberland Communities
- Information about Kielder, photos and census information - from the Northumberland Communities project, 2001.

Added by
Simon Cotterill
Kielder Castle
  Co-Curate Page
Kielder Castle
from Youtube (youtube)
Bygone Northumberland - Any Man's Kingdom 1953

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from http://www.keystothepast.in...
Local History: Kielder
- Keys to the Past, a site launched with Heritage Lottery funding in 2003 by Durham and Northumberland County Councils

Added by
Simon Cotterill

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