Topics > County Durham > Civil Parishes in County Durham > Hamsterley Civil Parish

Hamsterley Civil Parish


About the Parish

Main Settlements: Hamsterley (village)
Population:

445  (2011 Census)

381  (2001 Census)

Area: 12.0 km²
Parish Council? Parish Meeting?
Unitary Authority: Durham County Council

Historical

Ancient Chapelry / Township:

Hamsterley Chapelry 

The chapelry included the townships of Hamsterley, South Bedburn, and Lynesack with Softley i.e. covering a larger area than the modern civil parish of Hamsterley.

Townships became civil parishes in their own right in 1866 (see below).

Ancient Parish:

St Andrew Auckland Parish  (St Andrew)

Ancient parishes refer to the parishes before the split between ecclesiastical (church) and civil parishes in the 19th century. They had a parish church and often were composed of multiple townships and chapelries. In many cases, townships and parishes were originally based on the territory of manors from the feudal system during medieval times. Civil parishes were created following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1866, in which Church of England parishes, extra-parochial areas, townships and chapelries, became "civil parishes" which could set their own poor rate (tax). Then the reforms of Local Government Act 1894 established elected civil parish councils (or parish meetings for parishes with less than 300 residents) and created urban and rural districts. Boundaries of parishes and civil parishes may have changed over time.

Poor Law Union:

Auckland Poor Law Union, formed in 1837.

The Union took over an existing parish workhouse on Newgate Street in Bishop Auckland. In 1885, the Union opened a new workhouse on Cockton Hiil, built to house up to 100 inmates.

Under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 parishes were grouped into Unions, each of which had to build a workhouse if they did not already have one. It ended the old system of locally provided poor relief which had come under strain as numbers out of work grew, following increasing mechanisation of agriculture and the economic downturn after the Napoleonic Wars, along with changing social attitudes. The workhouse provided those unable to support themselves financially with accommodation and work. Inmates were generally segregated into men, women, boys and girls. 

The workhouse system was abolished by the Local Government Act 1929, but many workhouses lived on as 'Public Assistance Institutions' until the National Assistance Act 1948.

District Council:

Auckland Rural District, formed in 1894, abolished in 1937.

Barnard Castle Rural District from 1937 to 1974. The district itself had been formed in 1894. It was abolished in 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972.

Teesdale District (County Durham) from 1974 to 2009.

The district council was abolished when County Durham became a unitary authority on the 1st of April 2009.

See also: Historic Buildings and Monuments in Hamsterley Civil Parish Note: listed buildings are generally the responsibility of the county council, rather than the parish council.

Civil Parishes in County Durham Hamsterley, near Bishop Auckland Hamsterley, 1848 Historic Buildings and Monuments in Hamsterley Civil Parish
Hamsterley, near Bishop Auckland
  Co-Curate Page
Hamsterley, near Bishop Auckland
- Overview About Hamsterley Map Street View Hamsterley village is located on a low ridge between Teesdale and Weardale, about 7 miles north-west of Bishop Auckland. St James' Church here dates from ...
from http://www.keystothepast.in...
Hamsterley Local History
- "The village of Hamsterley lies between Weardale and Teesdale, to the north of Wolsingham. It was originally part of the parish of St Andrew's Auckland, which is several miles ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from https://www.visionofbritain...
Hamsterley CP/Ch

Added by
Simon Cotterill

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