Barnard Castle (castle)


The medieval castle in the town of Barnard Castle, is cared for by English Heritage. The castle is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, and a Grade I listed building.

Barnard Castle is a ruined medieval castle situated in the town of the same name in County Durham. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, and was designated as a Grade I listed building in 1950. The remains of the medieval chapel of St Margaret in the outer ward are listed as Grade II.

A stone castle was built on the site of an earlier defended position from around 1095 to 1125 by Guy de Balliol. Between 1125 and 1185 his nephew Bernard de Balliol and his son Bernard II extended the building.

In 1216 the castle was besieged by Alexander II, King of Scotland. It was still held by the Balliol family although its ownership was disputed by the Bishops of Durham. When John Balliol was deposed as King of Scotland in 1296 the castle was passed to the Bishop of Durham. Around 1300 Edward I granted it to the Earl of Warwick. In the 15th century the castle passed by marriage to the Neville family. In 1477 during the Wars of the Roses, Richard, Duke of Gloucester (later Richard III) took possession of the castle, which became one of his favourite residences.

Over the next two centuries the Nevilles enlarged and improved the estate and created a substantial and impressive castle. However, when Charles Neville, 6th Earl of Westmorland was attainted for his leading role in the Rising of the North the Neville estates were sequestered. In 1626 the Crown sold the castle and also the Neville property at Raby Castle to Sir Henry Vane.

Vane decided to make Raby his principal residence and Barnard Castle was abandoned and its contents and much of its masonry was removed for the maintenance and improvement of Raby.

The castle is in the custody of English Heritage and is open to the public. Of particular interest are the ruins of the 12th-century cylindrical tower and the 14th-century Great hall and Great chamber.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 26/11/2017).
Visit the page: Barnard Castle (castle) for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.

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Barnard Castle 026

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The Keep

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Barnard Castle, Welcome to our Historic Market Town

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DSCN0617

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle - English Heritage
- "Set on a high rock above the River Tees, Barnard Castle takes its name from its 12th century founder, Bernard de Balliol. It was later developed by the Beauchamp family ...

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Barnard Castle

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Lunch medieval style

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Swordsman2

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Recaptured

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle

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Our castle day: 1st, Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle 021

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Barnard Castle 043

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Barnard Castle 020

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Barnard Castle April 2010 014

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Barnard Castle April 2010 018

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Barnard Castle, County Durham - August 2008

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle, County Durham - August 2008

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle overlooking the River Tees

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THE CASTLE, BRIDGEGATE - List Entry
- "BARNARD CASTLE NZ0416SE THE SCAR 770-1/5/204 (South side) 24/02/50 The Castle Consolidated and displayed ruins of castle, partly excavated. Earthwork castle in the area which was ...

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Image taken from page 76 of 'The Local Historian's Table Book of remarkable occurrences, historical facts, traditions, legendary and descriptive ballads, connected with the Counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, and Durham. Historical Division.

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Image taken from page 504 of 'The Local Historian's Table Book of remarkable occurrences, historical facts, traditions, legendary and descriptive ballads, connected with the Counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, and Durham. Historical Division.

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Image taken from page 597 of 'The rivers of Great Britain. The Thames, from source to sea, etc. [With “Rivers of the east coast”.]'

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Image taken from page 705 of 'Comprehensive Guide to the County of Durham. With maps and plans'

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Image taken from page 56 of 'The Visitor's Guide to Raby Castle, Barnard Castle, and the neighbourhood. By F. M. L. With illustrations on steel and wood'

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Image taken from page 247 of 'An historical, topographical and descriptive view of the County Palatine of Durham, etc., by E. Mackenzie and [continued by] M. Ross'

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Barnard Castle ruins County of Durham Phantom 3 drone

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The Constable Tower

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Barnard Castle

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Bernard's Castle, Barnard Castle

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The Sensory Garden, Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle: the wall of the inner ward

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle: The inner ward

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Barnard Castle: looking out on the inner ward

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle: the postern gate

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Timewarp at Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle: The inner ward from the great hall

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Barnard Castle: Inner ward

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Inner Moot, Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle: town ward from the postern

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle: inner moat

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle: stair to round tower

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Bay Window on Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle: Corbling in the round tower undercroft

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Barnard Castle: the round tower

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Barnard Castle: The round tower

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle: Trees growing on the site of the kitchen range

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Barnard Castle

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The River Tees and Barnard Castle

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Ruined tower of Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle

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Castle & path down to the river

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Barnard Castle: the inner ward and keep

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The Tees and Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle: the great chamber

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Barnard Castle

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Barnard Castle: the window of the great chamber

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