Tyneside Scottish Brigade


 

The Tyneside Scottish Brigade was raised in 1914 as part of Kitchener's Army. Officially numbered the 102nd (Tyneside Scottish) Brigade, it contained four Pals battalions from Newcastle-on-Tyne.

Origins

The Tyneside Scottish Brigade was a British First World War infantry brigade. It was formed be men from the Tyneside area of England and even though it was called a Scottish brigade they accepted any nationality. The request to the War Office to form the brigade was originally turned down but after a visit to Newcastle upon Tyne by Lord Haldane on 10 October 1915, permission was granted. The complete Tyneside Scottish Brigade of four battalions was raised by 16 November 1915. Reports of bodies of men and groups of miners marching ten miles into the city to enlist are common.

The brigade's four battalions were known as the 1st to 4th Tyneside Scottish. When taken over by the British Army, these became battalions of the Northumberland Fusiliers as the

  • 20th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers (1st Tyneside Scottish)
  • 21st Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers (2nd Tyneside Scottish)
  • 22nd Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers (3rd Tyneside Scottish)
  • 23rd Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers (4th Tyneside Scottish)

The reserve battalions were the 29th and 33rd (Reserve) Battalions, Northumberland Fusiliers (Tyneside Scottish).

Active service

Under the command of Brigadier-General T. P. B. Ternan, the Tyneside Scottish Brigade suffered the worst losses of any brigade on 1 July 1916, the first day of the Battle of the Somme; the Tyneside Irish Brigade had the next worst tally of casualties. The 23rd (4th Tyneside Scottish) Battalion lost 629 men (19 officers and 610 other ranks), the third worst battalion loss of the day. The 20th (1st Tyneside Scottish) Battalion lost 584 men and the 22nd (3rd Tyneside Scottish) Battalion, led by Boer War veteran Lt Col Arthur Elphinstone (a Monkton Combe School old boy), lost 537 men. All four battalion commanders were killed (the 21st (2nd Tyneside Scottish) commander had been killed shortly before the battle).

Memorial

A memorial was dedicated to the fallen of the Tyneside Scottish Brigade, at La Boiselle for their part in its capture. It was unveiled by Marshall Foch.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 29/03/2019).
Visit the page: 102nd (Tyneside Scottish) Brigade for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.
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TYNESIDE SCOTTISH WANT MORE RECRUITS.

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P Neal - Tyneside Scottish - Washington

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Robert Jameson - Tyneside Scottish - Chopwell

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J Mustard - Tyneside Scottish - Blaydon

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Andrew Simpson - Tyneside Scottish - Blaydon

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Peter Armstrong - Tyneside Scottish - Chopwell

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R Riseborough - Tyneside Scottish - Cramlington

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A Dimmick - Tyneside Scottish - Blackhill

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William Bone - Tyneside Scottish

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William Boyd - Tyneside Scottish - Winlaton

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John W Davidson - Tyneside Scottish - Annitsford

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Joseph Kirkup - Tyneside Scottish - Annitsford

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James McBride - Tyneside Scottish - Annitsford

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Raeburn McLean - Tyneside Scottish - East Sleetburn

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C Preece - Tyneside Scottish - Benwell

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William Hurst - Tyneside Scottish - Annitsford

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JJ Armstrong - Tyneside Irish - Blaydon

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Thomas Heywood - Tyneside Scottish - South Shields

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Hugh Kennedy - Tyneside Scottish - South Shields

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L Godber - Tyneside Scottish - Grantham

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Military wedding between Miss Sybil Round and Captain JP Forster, 3rd Tyneside Scottish - Heaton

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J Curran - Tyneside Scottish - Success Village

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R Grenfell - Tyneside Scottish - Washington

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R Patterson - Tyneside Scottish - South Sunniside

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James Magee (McGee) - Kitchener's Army or Tyneside Scottish - Lemington-on-Tyne

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Waiting to Interview the Eligibles

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A Dyson - Tyneside Scottish - Washington

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1916-03-21 (Mar) D 06

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Northumberland Fusiliers
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Northumberland Fusiliers
- Overview About the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers   The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers was an infantry regiment of the British Army. Originally raised in 1674 as the 5th Regiment of Foot, it ...
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Martin Magee (McGee) - Kitchener's Army or Tyneside Scottish - Lemington-on-Tyne

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Gipsy Pat Smith - Tyneside Scottish

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