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Scaleby Castle

Scaleby Castle, in the village of Scaleby, dates from the 13th century. The castle was damaged during the English Civil War (1642–1651). It was later restored to form a country house, retaining it's defensive moat. The castle is Grade I listed on the National Heritage List for England.

Richard Tilliol, called Richard the Rider, received a grant of this territory from Henry I., and built a castle here with materials brought from the Picts' wall. In the early part of the civil war, Scaleby Castle was garrisoned for Charles I.; in 1645 it surrendered to the parliamentarians; in 1648 it again fell into the hands of the royalists, but it was soon after recaptured, and kept for the parliament. It is an interesting monument of antiquity; the more ancient part is in ruins, but a portion has been rebuilt and is inhabited.

Extract from: A Topographical Dictionary of England comprising the several counties, cities, boroughs, corporate and market towns, parishes, and townships..... 7th Edition, by Samuel Lewis, London, 1848.

Scaleby Castle is in the village of Scaleby, Cumbria. The castle was originally built in the early 14th century, and extended in the 15th century to form a substantial fortification. Parliamentary troops attacked the castle twice during the English Civil War, burning it. It was later restored to form a country house.


Robert de Tilliol built Scaleby Castle after 1307, next to the village of Scaleby, from Carlisle. The Tilliols were a well-established family in the region from the reign of Henry I onwards, and Robert was given the land for the castle by Edward I and granted the authority to build a castle by Edward II. The initial castle comprised two sets of buildings, linked by a small courtyard and protected by a curtain wall on both sides, surrounded by a large, circular, water-filled moat approximately wide, and an inner moat, since largely destroyed.

The male Tilliol line died out in 1435; the castle then passed by marriage to the Colville family. They rebuilt much of the castle in the late 15th century, including remodelling the pele tower, the great hall and the gateway, complete with a polygonal barbican. The pele tower formed a substantial fortification, about by across, with three floors and thick walls. The Musgrave family acquired the castle and Sir Edward Musgrave rebuilt the south range of the castle in 1596.

In 1641, the English Civil War broke out between the Royalist supporters of Charles I and Parliament. Sir Edward's grandson, another Sir Edward Musgrave, was a strong Royalist supporter and declared for the king. In February 1645, Parliamentary forces besieging nearby Carlisle also besieged and eventually seized Scaleby Castle, causing considerable damage; Edward recovered the castle, but in at the start of the Second English Civil War in 1648 he again took up arms on behalf of the king. This time the castle immediately fell to Parliamentary forces, who set fire to it.

Sir Edward was heavily in debt so he sold the castle after the war to Richard Gilpin, who restored the property . The property remained in the hand of the Gilpins until it fell into disrepair; it was restored once again by Rowland Fawcett. In 1847 James Fawcett was resident there.

Today the castle is a grade I listed building and a scheduled monument. It is the seat of Oliver Eden, 8th Baron Henley.

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Scaleby Historic Buildings and Monuments in Scaleby Civil Parish Private Residence Grade I Listed
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Scaleby Castle, Cumbria

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Moat at Scaleby Castle

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Scaleby Castle

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Drive to Scaleby Castle

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- "Castle. Probably late C13, licence to crenellate granted to Sir Robert de Tylliol, 1307; mostly rebuilt in C15, with late C16 wing for Sir Edward Musgrave, altered in late C17 …

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List grade: 1
List number: 1311782
County: Cumbria
Grid ref: NY4491262456
Wikipedia: Scaleby Castle


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