In the past New Shildon was a separate village and was in a different parish to Shildon; now part of the town of Shildon in County Durham. All Saints Church was the parish church. New Shildon War Memorial is located on Redworth Road. The settlement came into existence in the 19th century in association with the Stockton and Darlington Railway and coal mining at Shildon Colliery and other nearby mines.
I have known Shildon for fifty years when there was not a house of any sort at New Shildon, much less a Mechanics Institute. When I surveyed the lines of the projected railway in 1821, the site of this New Shildon Works was a wet, swampy field – a likely place to find a snipe, or a flock of peewits. Dan Adamson's was the nearest house. A part of Old Shildon existed, but 'Chapel Row', a row of miner's houses, was unbuilt or unthought of.