Topics > County Durham > Civil Parishes in County Durham > Marwood Civil Parish, Teesdale

Marwood Civil Parish, Teesdale


About the Parish

Overview:

Marwood is a civil parish in County Durham, which includes both urban and rural areas. The bulk of the parish's population is in Barnard Castle.

Main Settlements: The parish includes a small part of Barnard Castle (including High Riggs and Castle Vale Estate), the hamet of Kinninvie and a number of farms.
Population:

529  (2011 Census)

557  (2001 Census)

Area:  29.2 km²
Parish Council: Marwood Parish Council
Unitary Authority: Durham County Council

Historical

Ancient Township:

Marwood Township

Townships became civil parishes in their own right in 1866 (see below).

Ancient Parish:

Gainford Parish  (St Mary)

Ancient parishes refer to the parishes before the split between ecclesiastical (church) and civil parishes in the 19th century. They had a parish church and often were composed of multiple townships and chapelries. In many cases, townships and parishes were originally based on the territory of manors from the feudal system during medieval times. Civil parishes were created following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1866, in which Church of England parishes, extra-parochial areas, townships and chapelries, became "civil parishes" which could set their own poor rate (tax). Then the reforms of Local Government Act 1894 established elected civil parish councils (or parish meetings for parishes with less than 300 residents) and created urban and rural districts. Boundaries of parishes and civil parishes may have changed over time.

Poor Law Union:

Teesdale Poor Law Union, formed in 1837.

Teesdale Union Workhouse was located at Barnard Castle. 

Under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 parishes were grouped into Unions, each of which had to build a workhouse if they did not already have one. It ended the old system of locally provided poor relief which had come under strain as numbers out of work grew, following increasing mechanisation of agriculture and the economic downturn after the Napoleonic Wars, along with changing social attitudes. The workhouse provided those unable to support themselves financially with accommodation and work. Inmates were generally segregated into men, women, boys and girls. 

The workhouse system was abolished by the Local Government Act 1929, but many workhouses lived on as 'Public Assistance Institutions' until the National Assistance Act 1948.

District Council:

Barnard Castle Rural District, formed in 1894. The district was abolished in 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972.

Teesdale District (County Durham) from 1974 to 2009.

The district council was abolished when County Durham became a unitary authority on the 1st of April 2009.

See also: Historic Buildings and Monuments in Marwood Civil Parish Note: listed buildings are generally the responsibility of the county council, rather than the parish council.

Civil Parishes in County Durham Kinninvie Barnard Castle (town) Historic Buildings and Monuments in Marwood Civil Parish Marwood Township, 1848
from http://marwoodparishcouncil...
Marwood Parish Council
- "Marwood Parish Council boarders and includes some of the town of Barnard Castle, County Durham. It serves both the Rural and Urban area namely the east end of Barnard Castle ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
Barnard Castle (town)
  Co-Curate Page
Barnard Castle (town)
- Overview History Map Street View Barnard Castle is a market town in Teesdale, County Durham. The town is named after the castle around which it developed. It is located on ...
Kinninvie
  Co-Curate Page
Kinninvie
- Overview Map Street View Kinninvie is a hamlet in County Durham, located about 3 miles north of Barnard Castle and 4 miles west of Staindrop. Kinninvie forms part of Marwood Civil ...
from http://www.keystothepast.in...
Local History: Marwood
- "Although marked by the Ordnance Survey as a deserted medieval village, the remains visible at Marwood are more likely to represent a native Romano-British settlement of a type found elsewhere ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill

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