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Kirkby Thore


 

Kirkby Thore is a small village and civil parish in Cumbria, England , in the historic county of Westmorland. It is close to the Lake District national park and the Cumbrian Pennines. It includes the areas of Bridge End, in the south west by the A66, and Cross End in the north east of the village. At the 2001 census the parish had a population of 731, increasing to 758 at the 2011 Census.

The market town of Appleby-in-Westmorland is about 5 mi (8 km) away, and the larger town of Penrith is about 8 mi (13 km) away.

History

The place-name 'Kirkby Thore' is first attested in 1179 in the 'Register of Holm Cultram', where it appears as Kirkebythore. Kirkby means 'church village' or 'village with a church', whilst Thore is an Old Norse personal name related to the god Thor.

The village is on the site of a Roman cavalry camp called Bravoniacum or Brovonacae and Roman coins, tombstones, sandals, urns, earthen vessels, and the cusp of a spear have been found in the locality. Since the time of Septimius Severus’s campaigns between AD 208 and 211, a division of Numidian auxiliary light cavalry garrisoned the fort of Bravoniacum, constituting the first African community in Britain. The Maiden Way Roman road led north from Bravoniacum to Epiacum (Whitley Castle), and thence to Magnae (Carvoran) on Hadrian's Wall, where it joined the Stanegate road running from west to east. A continuation from there ran east to Banna (Birdoswald) and then 7 mi (11 km) north to the Shrine of Cocidius (Bewcastle). It was reported in 2016 that LIDAR technology has revealed another Roman road running southwest from Kirkby Thore to the Roman fort at Low Borrowbridge near Tebay.

The Anglican church of St Michael in Kirkby Thore is built of red sandstone and dates from Norman times. The village also had a Methodist chapel.

The village is also home to Kirkby Thore Hall, a Grade II* medieval Manor House of particular structural interest.

Gypsum has been quarried or mined in the area for over 200 years. The local British Gypsum Ltd plant has produced plaster since 1910 and plasterboard since the 1960s. Currently it is more economic to use desulpho-gypsum transported by rail from Drax Power Station than to mine it locally but this depends on Drax continuing. British Gypsum has a private siding on the Settle-Carlisle Railway which passes to the north of the village.

There are a number of farms in the village and surrounding area. Some are large dairy farms, others beef and/or sheep with some arable crops.

Governance

Kirkby Thore is in the parliamentary constituency of Penrith and the Border. Neil Hudson was elected its Conservative Member of Parliament at the 2019 General Election, replacing Rory Stewart.

Before Brexit, it was in the North West England European Parliamentary Constituency.

In the past the village has either been part of the constituency of Appleby or the constituency of Westmorland. An Appleby electoral ward of the same name exists. This ward stretches west to Mallerstang with a total population of 1,563.

Transport and facilities

The busy A66 road runs through the western edge of the village. This will be one of the last sections of the A66 to be upgraded to dual carriageway; in 2006 the Highways Agency conducted public consultation on the route for a bypass (which will connect the existing Appleby bypass to the east and the Temple Sowerby bypass (opened in part October 2007, ahead of schedule) to the west. The public consultation fell by the wayside and dualling of the A66 at Kirkby Thore is still an aspiration.

The village contains a village shop with post office, a filling station (and shop) and a Bistro serving meals.

Notable people

Siblings Helen Skelton and Gavin Skelton grew up in a farm near the village and attended Kirkby Thore Primary School before transferring to Appleby Grammar School. Helen is now a television presenter, best known for working on Blue Peter and Countryfile, whilst Gavin is a professional footballer who has played in the Scottish Premier League with Gretna, Kilmarnock and Hamilton Academicals. During 2016 he was player-manager of Queen of the South in Dumfries. He was appointed assistant manager of Carlisle United in June 2019.

Text from Wikipedia, available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (accessed: 26/08/2021).
Visit the page: Kirkby Thore for references and further details. You can contribute to this article on Wikipedia.
Cumbria Kirkby Thore Civil Parish Kirkby Thore Parish, 1848 Historic Buildings and Monuments in Kirkby Thore Trout Beck (Eden) Church of St Michael, Kirkby Thore Kirkby Thore School Kirkby Thore Station Roman milestone near Spitals Farm
from Geograph (geograph)
Village Stores/Post Office at Main Street / Cross Street junction

Pinned by Edmund Anon
from Geograph (geograph)
Village street, Kirkby Thore

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from Geograph (geograph)
Forester's Hall, Kirkby Thore

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from Geograph (geograph)
Methodist Chapel, Chapel Lane, Kirkby Thore

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from Geograph (geograph)
The Bridge Cafe Bistro and NE parapet of Kirkby Thore Bridge

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from Geograph (geograph)
St Michael's Parish Church Kirkby Thore

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from Geograph (geograph)
Post Office and Chippy, Kirkby Thore

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from Geograph (geograph)
New homes, Kirkby Thore

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from Flickr (flickr)
Barclay 2343

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from Flickr (flickr)
Settle & Carlisle: Staff cabin.

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from Flickr (flickr)
Kirkby Thore near Penrith by Swallow & Co. CUMBERLAND 1910

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from Flickr (flickr)
Settle & Carlisle: British Gypsum.

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from Flickr (flickr)
DSCF0118 Tombstone from Kirkby Thore in Cumbria

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Historic Buildings and Monuments in Kirkby Thore
  Co-Curate Page
Historic Buildings and Monuments in Kirkby Thore
- Listed buildings and scheduled monuments in Kirkby Thore Civil Parish, Cumbria, from the the National Heritage List for England[1]. Use the Search (below) if looking for a specific building / ...

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