Topics > Newcastle City Centre > Newcastle Castle

Newcastle Castle


  • In the 2nd Century AD, the Romans built a fort to protect the Pons Aelius bridge and supply route over the River Tyne.
  • During the Anglo-Saxon age, the site was occupied and known as Monkchester. A cemetery was established on the site of the old Roman fort in the late 7th century.
  • In 1080, Robert Curthose, eldest son of William the Conqueror, began building a motte-and-bailey castle (wooden fort on an earth mound) at Monkchester, the 'New Castle', to defend the Norman England from the Scots.
  • The stone Castle Keep was built between 1172 and 1177, replacing the earlier wooden fortifications.
  • The Black Gate, part of a barbican, a great outer gateway to the castle, was built between 1247 and 1250.
  • In the mid 13th Century the notorious Heron Pit, a dark prison next to Black Gate, was built by William Heron, 'The Hammer of the Poor'.  
  • In the 13th and 14th centuries, the Town Walls, were built to defend the wider settlement. Having these outer defences eventually led to the neglect of the castle, which was described as ruinous by 1589. Today the remaining Castle Keep and Black Gate are well worth a visit.
Newcastle City Centre Newcastle Town Walls Side Pons Aelius Historic Buildings and Monuments in Newcastle Quick History of Newcastle and the North East Castles Castle Keep Heron Pit Prison and Drawbridge Pit, by Black Gate The Black Gate
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
060784:The Black Gate and the Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1910

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
054766:Black Gate and Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne City Engineers 1985

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
063867:Black Gate and Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne City Engineers c.1990s

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
027561:The Black Gate and the Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1901

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
033869:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1900

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
039141:Castle Keep, Newcastle upon Tyne, c.1930

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
048524:Keep Newcastle upon Tyne City Engineers 1983

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
054761:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne City Engineers 1982

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
062557:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne City Engineers c.1980

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
066392:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne J. Fittler 1786

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
035642:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1910

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
056563:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne F. Frith c.1881

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
060337:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown Undated

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
039263:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1890

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
035644:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1910

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
041336:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne City Engineers 1980

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
013492:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Signey J.1962

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
011813:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne c.1930

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
040976:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne City Engineers c.1970

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
066876:Castle Stairs Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1904

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
068286:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown Undated

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
068260:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne, Undated

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
056669:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Frith F. 1888

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
035643:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1910

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
052660:Castle Stairs Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1904

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
023687:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1890

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
018366:Castle Garth Newcastle upon Tyne Signey J. 1969

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
011188:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1860

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
037608:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Bertram R.J.S. 1914

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
003466:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1930

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
044137:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1913

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
026092:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1900

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from TWAM (flickr)
Castle Garth 1881

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
018365:Castle Garth Newcastle upon Tyne Signey J. 1969

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
029530:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1930

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
004340:The Bailiffs Gate Newcastle upon Tyne 1882

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
21051b:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1931

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
003440:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1900

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
052644:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1900

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
003445:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1890

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
068258:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown Undated

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
012018:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown pre 1883

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
040972:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1863

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
062708:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown Undated

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
063867:Black Gate and Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne City Engineers c.1990s

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
004228:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1860

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
003449:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1915

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
062563:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne City Engineers Undated

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from TWAM (flickr)
Black Gate 1886

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from TWAM (flickr)
The Black Gate

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
a090a:The Black Gate

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from http://picturesofgateshead....
Black Gate and Old Castle, Newcastle-on-Tyne (1913)
- "Produced by W.H.S. & S.N. Posted from Newcastle to London on September 24th 1913". Postcard from 'Pictures of Gateshead and the Surrounding Area' by Andy Williamson. The images may be used for non-commercial purposes, subject to acknowledging the source; see: http://picturesofgateshead.co.uk

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from http://picturesofgateshead....
The Hall, Old Castle, Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1929)
- "Posted from Newcastle to Holland on February 15th 1929". Postcard from 'Pictures of Gateshead and the Surrounding Area' by Andy Williamson. The images may be used for non-commercial purposes, subject ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Blackgate and Castle, Newcastle-on-Tyne, England-LCCN2002708006

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Image taken from page 577 of 'Allan's Illustrated Edition of Tyneside Songs and Readings. With lives, portraits, and autographs of the writers, and notes on the songs. Revised edition'

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Image taken from page 340 of 'Second series. Chiefly in the Counties of Durham and Northumberland'

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
The Castle, Newcastle

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
In the Castle, Newcastle upon Tyne (1814).

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Ground Floor Apartment in the Castle of Newcastle

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from TWAM (flickr)
The Black Gate, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Image taken from page 47 of 'The Jubilee handbook of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and places of interest in the North of England, etc'

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Black Gate and Castle Keep, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Image taken from page 34 of 'The City of Newcastle-upon-Tyne of to-day. ... With illustrations'

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Newcastle keep, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Image taken from page 28 of 'The City of Newcastle-upon-Tyne of to-day. ... With illustrations'

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
The Castle, Newcastle

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Newcastle Keep

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
The Keep, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
The Keep

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Chapel in Newcastle keep

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Guard Room in the Castle Keep, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Chapel in the Castle Keep, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
View of the Keep and River Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Image taken from page 127 of 'The Local Historian's Table Book of remarkable occurrences, historical facts, traditions, legendary and descriptive ballads, connected with the Counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, and Durham. Historical Division.

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Image taken from page 289 of 'The Local Historian's Table Book of remarkable occurrences, historical facts, traditions, legendary and descriptive ballads, connected with the Counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, and Durham. Historical Division.

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Image taken from page 655 of 'The Local Historian's Table Book of remarkable occurrences, historical facts, traditions, legendary and descriptive ballads, connected with the Counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, and Durham. Historical Division.

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Image taken from page 460 of 'The Local Historian's Table Book of remarkable occurrences, historical facts, traditions, legendary and descriptive ballads, connected with the Counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, and Durham. Historical Division.

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Fireplace in the castle, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Black Gate and Castle in Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
The Castle, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
[Blackgate and Castle, Newcastle-on-Tyne, England] (LOC)

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
043995:Castle Keep Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown 1879-80

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
061770:Black Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Maybury Malcolm 1995

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
003968:Bailey Gate Newcastle upon Tyne Unknown c.1880

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Newcastle Keep entrance

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
The Black Gate

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Blackgate, Newcastle

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Old castle, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Guard room in Castle, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Newcastle Keep, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
The Black Gate, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
Black Gate, Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Newcastle libraries (flickr)
View of Newcastle upon Tyne

Pinned by Pat Thomson
from Flickr (flickr)
Image from page 6 of "Transactions of the Natural History Society of Northumberland, Durham, and Newcastle-upon-Tyne" (1867)

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Black Gate

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
The Cathedral Church of St Nicholas and the Black Gate

Pinned by Peter Smith
Pons Aelius
  Co-Curate Page
Pons Aelius
- Overview About Pons Aelius The Romans built Pons Aelius, a bridge  to cross the River Tyne, around 122AD. A fort was built there, eventually becoming known under the same name; ...
from Youtube (youtube)
Newcastle Castle Promotional Video

Pinned by Simon Cotterill

Comments

Add a comment or share a memory.

Login to add a comment. Sign-up if you don't already have an account.


ABOUT US

Co-Curate is a project which brings together online collections, museums, universities, schools and community groups to make and re-make stories and images from North East England and Cumbria. Co-Curate is a trans-disciplinary project that will open up 'official' museum and 'un-officia'l co-created community-based collections and archives through innovative collaborative approaches using social media and open archives/data.

LATEST SHARED RESOURCES