Topics > Northumberland > Civil Parishes in Northumberland > Alnmouth Civil Parish

Alnmouth Civil Parish

Parish boundaries may have changed - for the latest map see the Parish Council or Northumberland County Council.

About the Parish

Settlements: Alnmouth (village), High Buston

441  (2021 Census)

455  (2011 Census)

562  (2001 Census)

Area: 4.41 km2
Parish Council: Alnmouth Parish Council
Unitary Authority: Northumberland County Council


Ancient Townships

(in modern CP area)

Alnmouth Township

High Buston Township

Townships became civil parishes in their own right in 1866 (see below).

Ancient Parishes:

Almouth was in Lesbury Parish  (St. Mary)

High Buston was in Warkworth Parish  (St Lawrence)

Ancient parishes refer to the parishes before the split between ecclesiastical (church) and civil parishes in the 19th century. They had a parish church and often were composed of multiple townships and chapelries. In many cases, townships and parishes were originally based on the territory of manors from the feudal system during medieval times. Civil parishes were created following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1866, in which Church of England parishes, extra-parochial areas, townships and chapelries, became "civil parishes" which could set their own poor rate (tax). Then the reforms of Local Government Act 1894 established elected civil parish councils (or parish meetings for parishes with less than 300 residents) and created urban and rural districts. Boundaries of parishes and civil parishes may have changed over time.

Ancient District:

Almouth was in Bamburgh (ward)

High Buston was in Coquetdale (ward)

Poor Law Union:

Alnwick Poor Law Union, formed in 1836. 

Alnwick Union Workhouse was built in 1841 on Wagon Way Road, south-east of Alnwick, built to house 120 inmates. Prior to that there were smaller workhouses in Alnwick, Birling and Warkworth.

Under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 parishes were grouped into Unions, each of which had to build a workhouse if they did not already have one. It ended the old system of locally provided poor relief which had come under strain as numbers out of work grew, following increasing mechanisation of agriculture and the economic downturn after the Napoleonic Wars, along with changing social attitudes. The workhouse provided those unable to support themselves financially with accommodation and work. Inmates were generally segregated into men, women, boys and girls. 

The workhouse system was abolished by the Local Government Act 1929, but many workhouses lived on as ‘Public Assistance Institutions’ until the National Assistance Act 1948.

District Council:

Alnwick Rural District, formed in 1894. The district was abolished in 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972.

Alnwick District from 1974 to 2009. Alnwick District covered the area of 4 former districts (Alnwick Urban District, Amble Urban District, Alnwick Rural District and Rothbury Rural District).

The district council was abolished when Northumberland became a unitary authority on the 1st of April 2009.

Major Boundary Change:

1st April 1955 - Almouth CP was enlarged by the abolition of High Buston Civil Parish

County / Unitary Authority

The ancient county of Northumberland was enlarged following the Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844; Bedlingtonshire, Norhamshire, Islandshire, the Farne Islands and Monks' House all became part of Northumberland. Up to then they had been enclaves of County Durham.

Northumberland County Council formed 1889.

Major boundary changes came into effect on the 1st April 1974. This followed the Local Government Act 1972, which formed the non-metropolitan county of Northumberland. This excluded the City of Newcastle upon Tyne and North Tyneside, which up to then had been part of Northumberland, but now became part of the newly formed Tyne & Wear.

Northumberland County Council became a unitary authority on the 1st of April 2009.

See also:  Historic Buildings and Monuments in Alnmouth Civil Parish. Note: listed buildings are generally the responsibility of the county council / unitary authority, rather than the parish council.

Civil Parishes in Northumberland High Buston Alnmouth Alnmouth Township, 1848 Historic Buildings and Monuments in Alnmouth
from https://www.alnmouthparishcou…
Alnmouth Parish Council

Added by
Peter Smith
  Co-Curate Page
- Overview About Alnmouth Map Street View Alnmouth is a large village in Northumberland located near the mouth of the River Aln where it flows into the North Sea. Bronze Age …
High Buston
  Co-Curate Page
High Buston
- BUSTON, HIGH, a township, in the parish of Warkworth, union of Alnwick, E. division of Coquetdale ward, N. division of Northumberland, 4¾ miles (S.E.) from Alnwick; containing 100 inhabitants. It …
Alnmouth - Local History

Added by
Peter Smith


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