Topics > Society > Human Rights > Slavery and the Abolitionist Movement

Slavery and the Abolitionist Movement


Anti slavery campaigners (in the context of Northern England). A work in progress. Feel free to add resources / add events to the timeline.

Some Key dates

To provide context below are some key dates relating to slavery and it's abolition - with a very limited focus on the UK and the British abolitioist movement. For a more comprehensive timeline covering many more countries see Wikipedia: Timeline of abolition of slavery and serfdom.

Year Event Summary
1691 The 20  
1807 Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade (UK)

An Act of Pariament which prohibited the slave trade in the British Empire.

Although it didn't lead to the freeing of existing slaves it did end the trading of slaves in the British Empire and was influential in other nations abolishing slavery.

1833 Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (UK)

An Act of Pariament which made the purchase or ownership of slaves illegal in much of the British Empire.

Led to the freeing of slaves in the British Empire

1837 Slave Compensation Act (UK)

No reparations were paid to former slaves, nor any appology.

£20m (£300bn in today's value) was paid in compensation to slave owners for the loss of what had, until then, been considered their "property". The government's debt for borrowing to pay for this wasn't paid off until 2015.

1838 Freeing of slaves in British colonies All slaves in British colonies become free after a period of forced apprenticeship, following the Slavery Abolition Act 1833.
1840 World Anti-Slavery Convention Held in London
1865 Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution Slavery abolished in the USA, affects 40,000 remaining slaves (slavery had been abolished in most states at different dates prior to this).

Abolitionists in North East England

1792 February 8: A petition to parliament was agreed on by the inhabitants of Newcastle and Gateshead, for the abolition of the slave trade. The whole kingdom appeared at this time to be interested in the degraded state of the poor blacks. Newcastle, in particular has ever been foremost in craving parliament to exert its powers, and do away with that traffic in human flesh.

Extert from: John Sykes Local Records: Historical register of remarkable events, which have occurred in Northumberland and Durham, Newcastle upon Tyne, and Berwick upon Tweed, 1833
 
1792 Olaudah Equiano, a former slave and anti-slave trade activist stayed Newcastle in 1792 whilst touring to promote his autobiography 'The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano' around the country. The book told of the horrors of slavery and his own experience of being enslaved as a child in what is now Nigeria and transported to work in the Caribean. For a time based himself in a shop in the Bigg Market. Whilst at Newcastle he recorded his tour of St. Anthony’s Colliery, going 90 fathoms below, under the river Tyne, some hundreds of yards on Durham side.

1830 Numerous have been the petitions from this town on that subject, but the meeting which took place on the 11th of August 1830, was of a peculiarly interesting nature. It was held in Brunswick place chapel, which was crowded to excess, T.W. Beaumont esq, MP for Northumberland was in the chair, John Hodgson esq, MP for Newcastle, Mr Brougham (now Lord Brougham and Vaux lord high chancellor of England) and several other gentlemen made most eloquent speeches, after which a powerful petition for the abolition of slavery was agreed to. The Ladies Anti slavery Association of Newcastle, the same year petitioned the queen (Adelaide) to exert her influence in its abolition, which was very graciously received by her majesty.

Kneeling Slave - by Thomas Bewick
Extert from: John Sykes Local Records: Historical register of remarkable events, which have occurred in Northumberland and Durham, Newcastle upon Tyne, and Berwick upon Tweed, 1833
1833 May 1. A discussion, between the Rev. John Lockhart, of Newcastle, and Mr. Borthwick, the hired advocate of the slave-holders, took place in the Music Hall, Blackett-street, William Chapman, esq., in the chair. The discussion lasted several hours, when the show of hands was greatly in favour of immediate abolition.
Exert from: T Fordyce, J. Sykes. Local records; or, Historical register of remarkable events which have occurred in Northumberland and Durham, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and Berwick-upon-Tweed..., 1867.
Human Rights Brunswick Methodist Chapel, Newcastle Olaudah Equiano (c.1745 - 1797) Frederick Douglass (1818 - 1895) Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861) Frederick Douglass Centre Charles Thorp (1783 - 1862) Charles, 2nd Earl Grey (1764-1845) Joseph Pease (1772–1846) James Losh (1763 - 1833)
Frederick Douglass (1818 - 1895)
  Co-Curate Page
Frederick Douglass (1818 - 1895)
- Frederick Douglass was a former plantation slave from Maryland in the USA, who went on to became a national leader of the Abolitionist movement. From 1846 Douglass spent two years ...
Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861)
  Co-Curate Page
Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861)
- Overview About Elizabeth Barrett Browning   Elizabeth Barrett Browning (née Moulton-Barrett, ; 6 March 1806 – 29 June 1861) was an English poet of the Victorian era, popular in Britain ...
Joseph Pease (1772–1846)
  Co-Curate Page
Joseph Pease (1772–1846)
- Overview About Joseph Pease Reformer and Abolitionist.   Not to be confused with his nephew of the same name: Joseph Pease (1799-1872). Joseph Pease (1772–1846) was an English Quaker activist. Among ...
James Losh (1763 - 1833)
  Co-Curate Page
James Losh (1763 - 1833)
- Overview About James Losh   James Losh (1763–1833) was an English lawyer, reformer and Unitarian in Newcastle upon Tyne. In politics, he was a significant contact in the North East ...
from Flickr (flickr)
Image taken from page 388 of '[Local records; or historical register of remarkable events which have occurred exclusively in the counties of Durham and Northumberland, town and county of Newcastle upon Tyne, and Berwick upon Tweed; with an obituary of per

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
Brunswick Methodist Chapel, Newcastle
  Co-Curate Page
Brunswick Methodist Chapel, Newcastle
- Overview Map Street View Brunswick Methodist Chapel is located on Brunswick Place in Newcastle. The chapel was built in 1820. It was a frequent venue for meetings in the campaign for the ...
from https://commons.wikimedia.o...
Am I not a Man and a Brother.
- "emblem used during the campaign to abolish slavery. The image is from a book from 1788, so there can be no effective copyright." Public Domain image c/o Wikimedia Commons.

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from http://collectionsprojects....
Remembering Slavery Slave trade, slavery and abolition: the north east of England connections
- By John Charlton (2007) ".....It is two hundred years since Parliament ended British involvement in the slave trade. As part of the national commemoration of this important moment in history ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
from https://online.liverpooluni...
‘THERE’S DEATH IN THE POT!’* THE BRITISH FREE PRODUCE MOVEMENT AND THE RELIGIOUS SOCIETY OF FRIENDS, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE NORTH-EAST OF ENGLAND
- O’Donnell A.E., Quaker Studies (2009) [184-204]. Abstract: Ethical consumerism was one of the strategies used during the protracted struggle against slavery and was especially popular with Friends. From ...

Added by
Simon Cotterill
Charles, 2nd Earl Grey (1764-1845)
  Co-Curate Page
Charles, 2nd Earl Grey (1764-1845)
- Overview About Charles Grey Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey was descended from a long-established Northumbrian family seated at Howick Hall. Aged just 22 Grey was elected to Parliament for the ...
Frederick Douglass Centre
  Co-Curate Page
Frederick Douglass Centre
- Overview Map Street View The Frederick Douglass Centre at Newcastle Helix was officially opened by  Kenneth B Morris Jr., the great-great-great grandson of anti-slavery campaigner, Frederick Douglass. The opening ceremony ...
  Co-Curate Page
Charles Thorp (1783 - 1862)
- Overview About Charles Thorpe   Charles Thorp, (13 October 1783 – 10 October 1862) was an English churchman, rector of the parish of Ryton and, later, Archdeacon of Durham and ...
Olaudah Equiano (c.1745 - 1797)
  Co-Curate Page
Olaudah Equiano (c.1745 - 1797)
- Olaudah Equiano was a former slave who became an important activist in the anti-slave trade movement in the 1780s. As a child he was enslaved and taken from Nigeria to ...
from Flickr (flickr)
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
LEEDM.N.1970.34.1 obv

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Black lives matter!

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Bible Defence of Slavery

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
13. institution_of_slavery_Confederate_100_Dollar_Note_with_slaves

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Slave manacles used at Monticello - Smithsonian Museum of American History - 2012-05-15

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Laura plantation slave cabins

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
International Slavery Museum exhibit

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
International Slavery Museum exhibit: ‘Branding a Negress’ engraving by Whitney Jocelyn Annin (b&w photo) by American School (19th century).

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Original Slave Cabins

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Slave ship model :(

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Slave Ship Poster

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Slave Ship Poster - detail 1

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Cotton is King

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
A slave whip from the Manchester Museum

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
The American Nightmare

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
A21b atlantic slave trade b

Pinned by Simon Cotterill
from Flickr (flickr)
Coloured lithograph of slaves picking cotton. Fort Sumter Museum Charleston .

Pinned by Simon Cotterill

Comments

Add a comment or share a memory.

Login to add a comment. Sign-up if you don't already have an account.


ABOUT US

Co-Curate is a project which brings together online collections, museums, universities, schools and community groups to make and re-make stories and images from North East England and Cumbria. Co-Curate is a trans-disciplinary project that will open up 'official' museum and 'un-officia'l co-created community-based collections and archives through innovative collaborative approaches using social media and open archives/data.

LATEST SHARED RESOURCES