Lead mines, ore works and smeltmill at Nenthead - List Entry

  • Description

    "....The Nenthead mining complex is regarded as the most intact mining landscape within the North Pennines. The main importance of the site lies in the unusually high level of preservation not only of the obvious features such as the buildings and dams, but also the network of roadways built by the London Lead Company. The wide range of mining features provide an important resource for the study of the developments in mining technology in the 18th and 19th centuries, particularly the development of deep mining based on long adits (levels). The monument also preserves a good example of the inter-relationships between the mining features, buildings and water managements system. Ore hearth smeltmills were introduced in the 16th century and continued to develop until the late 19th century. They were the normal type of lead smelter until the 18th century when they were partly replaced by the reverberatory smeltmill. The ore hearth itself consisted of a low open hearth in which lead ore was mixed with fuel. An air blast was supplied by bellows, normally operated by waterwheel; more sophisticated arrangements were used at some 19th century sites....."
  • Owner

    Historic England
  • Source

    Local (Co-Curate)
  • License

    What does this mean? Unknown license check permission to reuse
  • Further information

    Link: https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1015858
    Resource type: Text/Website
    Added by: Simon Cotterill
    Last modified: 1 year, 3 months ago
    Viewed: 144 times
    Picture Taken: Unknown
  • Co-Curate tags


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Co-Curate is a project which brings together online collections, museums, universities, schools and community groups to make and re-make stories and images from North East England and Cumbria. Co-Curate is a trans-disciplinary project that will open up 'official' museum and 'un-officia'l co-created community-based collections and archives through innovative collaborative approaches using social media and open archives/data.