Scaleby Parish, 1848
SCALEBY (All Saints), a parish, in the union of Longtown, Eskdale ward, E. division of Cumberland; containing 584 inhabitants, of whom 230 are in East Scaleby, 6½ miles, and 354 in West Scaleby, 5½ miles (N.E. by N.) from Carlisle. Richard Tilliol, called Richard the Rider, received a grant of this territory from Henry I., and built a castle here with materials brought from the Picts' wall. In the early part of the civil war, Scaleby Castle was garrisoned for Charles I.; in 1645 it surrendered to the parliamentarians; in 1648 it again fell into the hands of the royalists, but it was soon after recaptured, and kept for the parliament. It is an interesting monument of antiquity; the more ancient part is in ruins, but a portion has been rebuilt and is inhabited. The parish comprises 3100 acres, of which 136 are common or waste land. The living is a discharged rectory, valued in the king's books at £7. 12. 1.; net income, £107; patron, the Bishop of Carlisle. The church was repaired in 1827. The Rev. William Gilpin, author of the Lives of the Reformers, Forest Scenery, etc., was born in the castle in 1724.
Extract from: A Topographical Dictionary of England comprising the several counties, cities, boroughs, corporate and market towns, parishes, and townships..... 7th Edition, by Samuel Lewis, London, 1848.