That Was the Year That Was - 1960

  • Description

    World Events 1960 The cold war continued to become colder as the two sides distrusted the other more and tried to influence other parts of the world. Soviet missile shoots down the US U2 spy plane. Lockheed U-2 with Pilot Francis Gary Powers shot down by SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missiles over Soviet Airspace while photographing ICBM sites in and around Sverdlovsk and Plesetsk. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=McmyNBRx3SU" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=McmyNBRx3SU John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson won the Presidency with one of the smallest margins in history ( 113,000 votes ) out of 68.3 million. The Irish Republican Army ( IRA ) starts it's fight against the British. The sexual revolution of the 60's had begun with the use of birth control pills and Hugh Hefner opening the first of his Playboy clubs in Chicago. The "Flintstones" is shown on television for the first time and movies this year include "The Magnificent Seven" and "Psycho". Notable technical achievements include the invention of the Laser and a Heart Pacemaker. It was in this year that Paul McCartney, John Lennon, George Harrison and Ringo Starr formed The Beatles, the BBC Television Centre opened in London and Penguin Chapter Books was found not guilty of obscenity at the Old Bailey for publishing D H Lawrence's racy novel, Lady Chatterley's Lover. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSYKy7N3_DM" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSYKy7N3_DM The last man is called up for National Service, as UK Conscription ends. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U3aerP7GyWE" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=U3aerP7GyWE Harold Macmillan had been Prime Minister for three years, the population of Britain was estimated to be around 53 million and the world's population was just over 3 billion. The average house price was £2,530 while a pint of beer cost 8p, a loaf of bread 5p and a packet of 20 cigarettes would set you back just less than 25p. A season ticket to see Manchester United in 1960, when Sir Matt Busby was manager and Sir Bobby Charlton a star player, cost £8.50. However, back then the club paid its footballers a maximum wage of £50 a week. It was in 1960 that Sir Francis Chichester, the British sailor, entered and won the first single-handed transatlantic yacht race in the Gipsy Moth III. He completed the crossing in 40 days. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-kyz5cgAJ9k" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=-kyz5cgAJ9k Several notable British personalities were also born in this year, including Jeremy Clarkson, Bono, Hugh Grant, Nigella Lawson, Colin Firth and Jonathan Ross. In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later took the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight after having won the Gold Medal in Rome in the Olympic games. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JK6Yoq3xhH8" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=JK6Yoq3xhH8 North Vietnam escalates military operations against South Vietnam. The United States announces that 3,500 American soldiers are going to be sent to Vietnam The US sends the first troops to Vietnam following the French withdrawal in 1954 in the fight against communist North Vietnam. Lady Chatterley's Lover goes on sale in England 32 years after it was banned. Coronation Street Soap premieres on ITV in the UK, The Flintstones premiers, Rawhide, Chubby Chequer and The twist start a new dance craze. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=im9XuJJXylw" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=im9XuJJXylw Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh in the bathyscaph USS Trieste break a depth record when they descend to the bottom of Challenger Deep 35,820 feet (10,750 meters) below sea level in the Pacific Ocean. France tests its first atomic bomb in Sahara and joins US, UK and USSR as Nuclear Power. Over one hundred million television sets in use worldwide. Aluminum Cans used for the first time. The MOT Test is introduced in Britain. Most of us see the annual test - that’ll be £54.85 please, sir - as just another costly addition to the list that includes taxing, insuring, fuelling, servicing and cleaning. It didn’t seem that way, however, when it was introduced by the Ministry of Transport (hence the name) in September 1960 and the first vehicles were tested the following year. The preceding decades might fondly be remembered as the golden days of motoring, but they were also the dark ages of the road accident. In 1960, 6,970 people died on British roads, compared with about 2,500 today. And there were only 9.4 million vehicles in use, compared with 34.2 million now. There was so little regulation that cars were frequently held together as much by hope as by their rusting, pre-galvanised steel panels. The first many knew about their worn brake shoes or steering was when they went through a hedge - or worse. To calm mounting public alarm, transport minister Ernest Marples launched the MOT test. It was decreed that all vehicles more than 10 years old should have their brakes, lights and steering checked every year. US Experimental rocket powered airplane travels at 2,200 MPH. Xerox introduces the first Commercial Document reproduction Machine. The United States launches the first weather satellite, TIROS-1. Dr Kazuo Hashimoto Invents the Ansafone sold in the USA as a Automatic Telephone Answering Machine. The Beatles, as the Silver Beetles (uncredited), play their first ever tour, as a backing group for Johnny Gentle on a tour of Scotland. The lineup comprises John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Stuart Sutcliffe and Tommy Moore. Alfred Hitchcock’s iconic horror film Psycho was released (in New York City). The Oscar-nominated psychological thriller, which caused controversy with film censors around the world, was first shown in cinemas in 1960 and was so successful that it was re-released in 1965. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82vOLLMeOuQ" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=82vOLLMeOuQ Famous for it’s shocking shower scene, people queued in long lines to see the film, which had a strict ‘no late admissions’ policy imposed by Hitchcock himself. The shower sequence, the shrieking score, Anthony Perkins, that twist ending... Psycho remains a stone-cold classic. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0WtDmbr9xyY" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=0WtDmbr9xyY UK News & Events January – State of emergency is lifted in Kenya – the Mau Mau Uprising is officially over. 1 January - Sir Hugh Greene becomes Director-General of the BBC. 5 January – Closure of the Swansea and Mumbles Railway (opened to passengers in 1807 and by this date operated by double-deck electric trams). 10 January – British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan makes the "Wind of Change" speech for the first time, to little publicity, in Accra, Gold Coast – now Ghana. 28 January – The comic ballet La fille mal gardée, in a version newly choreographed by Frederick Ashton to a score adapted by John Lanchbery, is premiered by The Royal Ballet at the Royal Opera House in London, rapidly becoming a classic of the repertoire. 3 February – Macmillan makes the "Wind of Change" speech to the South African Parliament in Cape Town, where it attracts attention. (It was drafted by David Hunt.) 18 February–28 February – Great Britain and Northern Ireland compete at the Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley, Placer County, California but do not win any medals. 19 February – The Queen gives birth to her third child and second son. March - Manchester City F.C. sign 20-year-old forward Denis Law for a national record fee of £55,000 from Huddersfield Town. The 18th century Naval dockyard at Sheerness on the Isle of Sheppey in Kent is closed. A total of 2,500 jobs have gradually been shed at the site since its closure was first announced by the government in February 1958. 14 March – Jodrell Bank Observatory makes contact with the American Pioneer 5 over a record-breaking distance of 407,000 miles. 15 March - Jussi Björling suffers a heart attack before a performance at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. He goes on to perform, but dies six months later in Sweden. 26 March – The Grand National is televised for the first time. The winner is Merryman II. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E-piOvkJpoA" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=E-piOvkJpoA 28 March – Cheapside Street Whisky Bond Fire in Glasgow; 19 firemen killed in the UK's worst peacetime fire services disaster. 29 March – The 5th Eurovision Song Contest is held at the Royal Festival Hall in London. France wins the contest with the song "Tom Pillibi", performed by Jacqueline Boyer. April - Jack Good's new TV show, Wham!, is broadcast for the first time. 1 April – Bill Griggs of Northampton first markets the Dr. Martens 'AirWair' style 1460 boots. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dkv1UVKF608" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dkv1UVKF608 5 April – Death of Peter Llewelyn-Davies, British soldier and inspiration for Peter Pan (born 1897) Peter Llewelyn Davies MC was the middle of five sons of Arthur and Sylvia Llewelyn Davies, one of the Llewelyn Davies boys befriended and later informally adopted by J. M. Barrie. Barrie publicly identified him as the source of the name for the title character in his famous play Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up. This public identification as "the original Peter Pan" plagued Davies throughout his life, which ended in suicide. He was the first cousin of the English writer Daphne du Maurier. He was awarded the Military Cross after serving as an officer in World War I, and in 1926 founded the publishing house Peter Davies Ltd. 8 April – The seven-week-old son of The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh is christened Andrew Albert Christian Edward (he later becomes Prince Andrew, Duke of York). 12 April - Sir Thomas Beecham returns to the UK from his last overseas conducting tour; he dies the following year. 13 April – Cancellation of the Blue Streak missile. 16 April – The Times of London abandons use of the term "Imperial and Foreign News", replacing it with "Overseas News", and changes its house style from "to-day" to "today". 17 April - American rock and roll singer Eddie Cochran, 21, is killed in a car crash in Chippenham, Wiltshire. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QzxEyq3xKnA" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=QzxEyq3xKnA 18 April – 60,000 protestors stage a demonstration in London against nuclear weapons. CND is still an outspoken organization against nuclear, chemical or biological weapons but following the end of the cold war and agreements by the super powers to limit nuclear arms proliferation public support is not as strong as it was. 27 April – First production of Harold Pinter's play The Caretaker at the Arts Theatre in London. 3 May – Burnley F.C. win the Football League First Division title with a 2-1 win over Manchester City at Maine Road. Burnley's title win means that Wolverhampton Wanderers, the FA Cup finalists, have lost out on the chance of becoming the first team this century to win the double of the league title and FA Cup. 6 May – The Princess Margaret marries photographer Antony Armstrong-Jones at Westminster Abbey in the first televised Royal marriage. 7 May – Wolverhampton Wanderers are FA Cup winners for the fourth time, beating Blackburn Rovers 3-0 at Wembley Stadium. June - Tommy Steele marries former Windmill girl Ann Donoghue at St. Patrick's Church, Soho Square, London. 20 June – Nan Winton becomes the first national female newsreader on the BBC Television Service. 24 June – Avro 748 makes its first flight at Woodford. 26 June – British Somaliland gains independence from the United Kingdom; five days later it unites with the former Italian Somaliland to create the modern Somali Republic. 28 June – 38 miners killed in an explosion at Six Bells Colliery in Monmouthshire. 29 June – The BBC Television Centre is opened in London. 30 June - Opening of Lionel Bart's musical Oliver! at the New Theatre in London's West End. July – The Shadows' instrumental Apache is released. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EzgbcyfJgfQ" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=EzgbcyfJgfQ 16 July - British Grand Prix, Silverstone Circuit, race was won by reigning World Champion Jack Brabham and Innes Ireland finished in third place. Between the two, multiple motorcycle Grand Prix World Champion John Surtees (in only his second ever Formula One Grand Prix) took second place. 21 July – Francis Chichester, English navigator and yachtsman, arrives in New York aboard Gypsy Moth II having made a record solo Atlantic crossing in 40 days. 27 July – In a Cabinet reshuffle, Selwyn Lloyd is appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord Home becomes Foreign Secretary. 30 July – "Battle of Beaulieu": At a jazz festival at Beaulieu, Hampshire, fans of trad jazz come to blows with progressives. 7 August – The Bluebell Railway in Sussex begins regular operation as the first standard gauge steam-operated passenger heritage railway in the world. 16 August – Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom. The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia remain as British Overseas Territories. 17 August – The Beatles, a five-strong male band from Liverpool, perform their first concert under this name in Hamburg, West Germany. 22 August – First performance of the satirical revue Beyond the Fringe (in Edinburgh). 25 August–11 September – Great Britain and Northern Ireland competes at the Olympics in Rome and win 2 gold, 6 silver and 12 bronze medals. 10 September – ITV broadcasts the first live Football League match to be shown on television, and the last for 23 years. 11 September – Danger Man premieres on ITV. 15 September – The first traffic wardens deployed in London. 30 September–4 December – Severe flooding in the valley of the River Exe and surrounding areas of Devon following heavy rainfall. 30 September – St John Philby, British Arabist, explorer and spy (born 1885 in Ceylon) (died in Beirut) 1 October – Nigeria gains its independence from the United Kingdom. 7 October – The second notable flood occurs in Horncastle, Lincolnshire. The town enters the UK Weather Records with the Highest 180-min total rainfall at 178 mm. As of October 2010 this record remains. 8 October – Closure of the Sheffield Tramway, leaving Blackpool as the only place in England with electric trams. 8 October – The BBC Television Service is renamed as BBC TV. 17 October – The daily News Chronicle ceases publication, being absorbed into the Daily Mail. 21 October (Trafalgar Day) – The Queen launches Britain's first nuclear submarine, HMS Dreadnought, at Barrow-in-Furness. 25 October – Barges collide with one of the columns of the Severn Railway Bridge in heavy fog, causing two spans of the twenty-two span steel and cast iron bridge to collapse. It is never repaired. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nMkqWcEYJKI" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=nMkqWcEYJKI 27 October – Film Saturday Night and Sunday Morning released, first of the British social-realist wave. 30 October – Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplantation in the UK, at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. 2 November – Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity in the Lady Chatterley's Lover case. 10 November – Lady Chatterley's Lover sells 200,000 copies in one day following its publication since being banned since 1928. 16 November – Gilbert Harding, radio and television personality (born 1907) (died from asthma attack outside BBC Broadcasting House) December - Adam Faith becomes the first pop star to be interviewed on the BBC's Face to Face. George Formby makes his final television appearance, on BBC's The Friday Show. 2 December – The Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, talks with Pope John XXIII in the Vatican, the first ever meeting between the leader of the Anglican Church and the Pope. 9 December – The first episode of soap opera Coronation Street, made by Granada Television in Manchester, is aired on ITV. It will still be running past its 55th anniversary. Characters introduced in the first episode include Ken Barlow (William Roache), Elsie Tanner (Pat Phoenix) and Ena Sharples (Violet Carson). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0RMuNWTeRSk" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=0RMuNWTeRSk 10 December – Sir Peter Brian Medawar and Australian Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet win the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance". 31 December - Last day on which the farthing, a coin first minted in England in the 13th century, is legal tender. The last man is called up for National Service, as Conscription ends. National Service ended gradually from 1957. It was decided that those born on or after 1 October 1939 would not be required, but conscription continued for those born earlier whose call-up had been delayed for any reason. In November 1960 the last men entered service, as call-ups formally ended on 31 December 1960, and the last National Servicemen left the armed forces in May 1963. Fairy brand of washing-up liquid introduced by Procter & Gamble. Black plastic bin bags first introduced for waste collection, in Hitchin. Little Houses Improvement Scheme launched by the National Trust for Scotland to promote conservation of vernacular architecture. Vic Wilson is appointed as Yorkshire County Cricket Club's first professional captain since 1883, leading the club to the County Championship. The 1960 English cricket season was marked by a throwing controversy which came to a head in the England v South Africa Test series. Umpire Syd Buller repeatedly called the South African fast bowler Geoff Griffin for throwing in the exhibition match staged following the early conclusion of the Lord's Test between England and South Africa in 1960, after umpire Frank Lee had called him during the Test itself. This had the effect of ending Griffin's Test career and of bringing to a head worldwide discontent about throwing and "dragging" that had caused controversy for the previous two years. UK Top Singles 1960 Shirley Bassey - As Long As He Needs Me - 08-60 The John Barry Seven - Walk Don't Run - 09-60 Acker Bilk - Summer Set - 02-60 Billy Bland - Let The Little Girl Dance - 05-60 Tommy Bruce & The Bruisers - AIn't Misbehavin' - 06-60 Johnny Burnette - Dreamin' - 10-60 Max Bygraves - Fings Ain't What They Used T'be - 03-60 Freddy Cannon - Way Down Yonder In New Orleans - 01-60 Eddie Cochran - Three Steps To Heaven - 05-60 Perry Como - Delaware - 03-60 Russ Conway - Royal Event - 03-60 Russ Conway - Lucky Five - 06-60 Sam Cooke - Chain Gang - 10-60 Michael Cox - Angela Jones - 07-60 Bobby Darin - Beyond The Sea (La Mer) - 02-60 Bobby Darin - Clementine - 04-60 Ken Dodd - Love Is Like A Violin - 09-60 Fats Domino - Be My Guest - 01-60 Lonnie Donegan - My Old Man's A Dustman - 03-60 Lonnie Donegan - I Wanna Go Home - 06-60 Lonnie Donegan - Lively - 12-60 Craig Douglas - Pretty Blue Eyes - 2-60 Craig Douglas - Heart Of A Teenage Girl -05-60 Charlie Drake - Mr. Custer - 11-60 The Drifters - Save The Last Dance For Me - 11-60 Duane Eddy - Some Kind-A Earthquake - 01-60 Duane Eddy - Bonnie Come Back - 03-60 Duane Eddy - Shazam - 05-60 Duane Eddy - Because They're Young - 08-60 Duane Eddy - Kommotion - 11-60 The Everly Brothers - Cathy's Clown - 04-60 The Everly Brothers - When Will I Be Loved - 07-60 The Everly Brothers - So Sad (To Watch Good Love Go Bad) - 10-60 Adam Faith - Poor Me - 02-60 Adam Faith - Someone Else's Baby - 04-60 Adam Faith - Made You - 07-60 Adam Faith - When Johnny Comes Marching Home - 07-60 Adam Faith - How About That - 09-60 Adam Faith - Lonely Pup (In A Christmas Shop) - 12-60 Percy Faith - Theme From 'A Summer Place' - 03-60 Ernie Fields - In The Mood - 01-60 Emile Ford - On A Slow Boat To China - 02-60 Emile Ford & The Checkmates - Counting Teardrops - 12-60 Lance Fortune - Be Mine - 03-60 Connie Francis - Mama - 6-60 Connie Francis - Robot Man - 06-60 Connie Francis - Everybody's Somebody's Fool 08-60 Connie Francis - My Heart Has A Mind Of Its Own - 11-60 Max Harris - Gurney Slade - 12-60 Rolf Harris - Tie Me Kangaroo Down Sport - 08-60 Michael Holliday - Starry Eyed - 01-60 (1) Brian Hyland - Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polka Dot Bikini - 07-60 The John Barry Seven - Walk Don't Run - 09-60 Johnny & The Hurricanes - Reveille Rock - 01-60 Johnny & The Hurricanes - Beatnik Fly - 03-60 Johnny & The Hurricanes - Down Yonder - 06-60 Johnny & The Hurricanes - Rocking Goose - 10-60 Marv Johnson - You Got What It Takes - 02-60 Jimmy Jones - Handy Man - 04-60 Jimmy Jones - Good Timin' - 06-60 The Kaye Sisters - Paper Roses - 08-60 Johnny Kidd & The Pirates - Shakin' All Over - 07-60 The King Brothers - Standing On The Corner - 04-60 The King Brothers - Mais Oui - 08-60 Steve Lawrence - Footsteps - 04-60 Brenda Lee - Sweet Nothin's - 04-60 Brenda Lee - I'm Sorry - 08-60 Hank Locklin - Please Help Me, I'm Falling - 10-60 Jerry Lordan - Who Could Be Bluer - 03-60 Bob Luman - Let's Think About Living - 10-60 Johnny Mathis - Misty - 02-60 Johnny Mathis - My Love For You - 10-60 Gary Mills - Look For A Star - 07-60 Guy Mitchell - Heartaches By The Number - 01-60 Anthony Newley - Why - 01-60 Anthony Newley - Do You Mind - 04-60 Anthony Newley - If She Should Come To You - 07-60 Anthony Newley - Strawberry Fair - 12-60 Nina & Frederick - Little Donkey - 12-60 Roy Orbison - Only The Lonely - 09-60 Roy Orbison - Blue Angel - 12-60 The Piltdown Men - MacDonald's Cave - 10-60 The Platters - Harbour Lights - 02-60 Elvis Presley - Stuck On You - 04-60 Elvis Presley - A Mess Of Blues - 08-60 Elvis Presley - Girl Of My Best Friend - 08-60 Elvis Presley - It's Now Or Never - 11-60 Johnny Preston - Running Bear - 02-60 Johnny Preston - Cradle Of Love - 05-60 Jim Reeves - He'll Have To Go - 06-60 Cliff Richard - Voice In The Wilderness - 01-60 Cliff Richard - Fall In Love With You - 04-60 Cliff Richard - Please Don't Tease - 07-60 Cliff Richard - Nine Times Out Of Ten - 09-60 Cliff Richard - I Love You - 12-60 Bobby Rydell - Wild One - 04-60 Jack Scott - What In The World's Come Over You - 03-60 Neil Sedaka - Stairway To Heaven - 05-60 Peter Sellers & Sophia Loren - Goodness Gracious Me - 11-60 The Shadows - Apache - 08-60 The Shadows - Man Of Mystery - 11-60 The Shadows - The Stranger - 11-60 Frank Sinatra - Ol' Macdonald - 12-60 Tommy Steele - What A Mouth - 07-60 Connie Stevens - Sixteen Reasons - 06-60 Johnny Tillotson - Poetry In Motion - 12-60 Ricky Valance - Tell Laura I Love Her - 09-60 The Ventures - Walk Don't Run - 09-60 The Ventures - Perfidia -12-60 Marty Wilde - Bad Boy - 01-60 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KtY3L5tDN_E" rel="nofollow">www.youtube.com/watch?v=KtY3L5tDN_E
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    brizzle born and bred
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    Flickr (Flickr)
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    What does this mean? All Rights Reserved (Seek permission to reuse)
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    Link: https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7041/27058398846_3c4a0bec7e.jpg
    Alternate Link: https://www.flickr.com/photos/20654194@N07/27058398846/
    Resource type: Image
    Added by: Peter Smith
    Last modified: 1 year, 2 months ago
    Viewed: 109 times
    Picture Taken: 2016-05-18T13:46:22
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