DescriptionThe Victoria Tunnel was built as a subterranean wagonway to take coal from the former site of the Spital Tongues Colliery to Newcastle Quay (near the Glasshouse Bridge in Byker). The tunnel was cut through clay and is constructed using base courses of stone upon which an inverted brick arch was built. The loaded wagons descended the incline of the tunnel under their own weight and were drawn back to the colliery by a wire rope attached to a stationary engine. During the Second World War the tunnel was converted for use as an air raid shelter with wooden benches and bunks installed, as well as chemical toilets, anti-blast baffles, lime washed walls and a number of new entrances. At some point an 800 metre section of the tunnel (between Ellison Place and Queen Victoria Road) was converted into a sewer to replace the Pandon Sewer. The tunnel is 2.4 kilometres in length with a maximum depth of 26 metres and drops approximately 67.5 metres from top to bottom. It remains largely intact.
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Further informationLink: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jdXLlxtIPYk
Resource type: Video
Added by: Splat
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