Dixon's Chimney, viewed from Kendal Street

  • Description

    "Built 1835-6 for Peter Dixon and Sons' cotton spinning mill at Shaddongate, originally standing at 300ft (91.4m) from ground level to top. The chimney then had a projecting cornice about 8ft below the rim, giving the appearance of a top hat. It was shortened for safety reasons a couple of times in the 20th century, the current height is 270ft. As well as dispersing smoke, the tall chimney was essential to provide a draught of air through the fires in the mill's boiler house http://www.geograph.org.uk/gallery/textile_mill_engines_9920/2 . The draught was put to further use when Carlisle became one of the first places in the country to use tall chimneys to aid in sewer ventilation. Dixon's chimney was one of about thirty in the city connected to the sewer system, which was constructed in 1855. This information, and more, found in the book 'Tall Chimney Construction' by RM and FJ Bancroft, publ. 1885 (archived online http://ia902705.us.archive.org/12/items/tallchimneyconst00banciala/tallchimneyconst00banciala.pdf ). It is sometimes claimed that Dixon's Chimney (completed Oct. 25th 1836) was the tallest in the country, but the Bancroft's book has another contender for that title. The chimney at Adams's Soap Works in Smethwick measured 312ft from ground to top, it was finished "in Sept. or Oct. 1836"." Photo by Rose and Trev Clough, 2014.
  • Owner

    Rose and Trev Clough
  • Source

    Geograph (Geograph)
  • License

    What does this mean? Creative Commons License
  • Further information

    Link: http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/4610763
    Resource type: Image
    Added by: Simon Cotterill
    Last modified: 4 weeks ago
    Viewed: 25 times
    Picture Taken: 2014-10-21
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